Figure 1.

Representative 1H NMR spectrum (600 MHz) recorded for early pregnancy urine from a healthy pregnant woman. Spectrum was recorded at 300 K. 1, Steroid conjugate; 2, leucine; 3, valine; 4, lactate; 5, alanine; 6, acetate; 7, N-acetyls of glycoprotein fragments; 8, N-acetyl neuraminic acid; 9, phenylacetylglutamine; 10, p-cresol sulphate; 11, citrate; 12, dimethylamine; 13, creatine; 14, creatinine; 15, proline betaine; 16, choline-containing moieties; 17, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO); 18, glycine; 19, hippurate; 20, tyrosine; 21, N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (2Py); 22, formate; 23, N-methyl nicotinic acid (trigonelline); 24, 1-methylnicotinamide.

Maitre et al. BMC Medicine 2014 12:110   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-110
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