Table 5

Primary and secondary outcomes by level of adherence to intervention at 12 months

Adherence

Outcomea

<25%

(n = 42)

25% to 49%

(n = 17)

50% to 74%

(n = 23)

75% to 100%

(n = 24)

P


Frailty

3.24

(2.95 to 3.53)

2.23

(1.76 to 2.70)

2.28

(1.88 to 2.68)

2.12

(1.74 to 2.51)

<0.001

Short Physical Performance Battery

4.83

(4.14 to 5.53)

5.58

(4.47 to 6.69)

6.14

(5.21 to 7.08)

7.43

(6.53 to 8.34)

<0.001

Lower extremity continuous summary performance score

1.59

(1.44 to 1.73)

1.74

(1.50 to 1.97)

1.91

(1.71 to 2.11)

1.96

(1.77 to 2.15)

0.01

Barthel Index

86.3

(81.8 to 90.8)

91.0

(83.8 to 98.2)

94.0

(87.9 to 100)

91.4

(85.5 to 97.4)

0.21

Geriatric Depression Scale

5.44

(4.78 to 6.11)

4.16

(3.09 to 5.23)

4.32

(3.42 to 5.22)

3.95

(3.07 to 4.83)

0.03

Health-related quality of life

(EuroQol-5D visual analog scale)

52.2

(46.9 to 57.6)

51.2

(42.6 to 59.8)

60.0

(52.8 to 67.2)

69.4

(62.3 to 76.4)

0.001


Data presented as adjusted means (95% confidence intervals), adjusted for age, sex, living alone, number of coexisting conditions, Mini Mental State Examination score and baseline values. aVariables as described in the footnote to Table 1.

Cameron et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:65   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-65

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