Table 4

Characteristics of the prospective dataset (KORA S4 → F4).

Current smoker

Former smoker

Never smoker


Men (N = 207)

N (%)

31 (15.0%)

30 (14.5%)

146 (70.5%)

Age at S4 (years)

60.2 ±5.3

63.0 ±5.0

63.0 ±5.5

Alcohol consumption (S4/F4)(g/day)

27.7 ±28.2/20.4 ±28.7

29.6 ±31.6/19.3 ±21.1

22.2 ±22.8/20.2 ±19.5

BMI (S4/F4) (kg/m2)

26.8 ±2.9/26.9 ±3.3

28.5 ±3.8/28.9 ±3.9

27.6 ±3.3/27.8 ±3.4


Women (N = 314)

N (%)

18 (5.7%)

10 (3.2%)

286 (91.1%)

Age at S4

61.0 ±5.1

59.5 ±3.1

63.6 ±5.1

Alcohol consumption (S4/F4)(g/day)

7.6 ±11.6/7.4 ±11.8

4.7 ±6.7/10.7 ±14.1

7.6 ±11.2/7.3 ±11.4

BMI (S4/F4) (kg/m2)

27.9 ±5.1/27.7 ±5.3

26.9 ±3.9/27.4 ±5.1

28.6 ±4.5/28.9 ±4.7


Population characteristics were calculated based on 207 men and 314 women who participated in both the KORA S4 and F4 study. Values are provided as mean ± SD. BMI: body mass index.

Xu et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:60   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-60

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