Table 3

Mortality risk according to number of traditional and non-traditional positive health behaviors in Spanish older adults

Number of positive health behaviors


0 to 1

2

3

4

5

6

P for trend


3 traditional health behaviors a

N / deaths

871/464

1,564/518

1,030/262

Model 1- HR (95% CI)

1 (Ref.)

0.56 (0.48 to 0.65)

0.45 (0.38 to 0.53)

NA

NA

NA

<0.001

Model 2- HR (95% CI)

1 (Ref.)

0.61 (0.52 to 0.71)

0.51 (0.43 to 0.60)

NA

NA

NA

<0.001

3 non-traditional health behaviors b

N / deaths

615/345

1,767/613

1,083/286

Model 1- HR (95% CI)

1 (Ref.)

0.68 (0.58 to 0.80)

0.54 (0.45 to 0.65)

NA

NA

NA

<0.001

Model 2- HR (95% CI)

1 (Ref.)

0.77 (0.66 to 0.90)

0.64 (0.53 to 0.76)

NA

NA

NA

<0.001

3 traditional + 3 non-traditional health behaviors

N / deaths

91/73

257/167

604/285

1,084/367

1,029/267

400/85

Model 1- HR (95% CI)

1 (Ref.)

0.62 (0.46 to 0.83)

0.40 (0.30 to 0.53)

0.31 (0.24 to 0.41)

0.25 (0.19 to 0.33)

0.20 (0.14 to 0.27)

<0.001

Model 2- HR (95% CI)

1 (Ref.)

0.63 (0.46 to 0.85)

0.41 (0.31 to 0.55)

0.32 (0.24 to 0.42)

0.26 (0.20 to 0.35)

0.20 (0.15 to 0.28)

<0.001


CI, Confidence interval; HR, Hazard ratio. a Traditional health behaviors: never smoking or quitting tobacco >15 years; being very/moderately physically active; having a healthy diet score ≥ median in the cohort. b Non-traditional health behaviors: sleeping 7 to 8 h/d; sitting time <8 h/d; interaction with friends daily. Models 1 and 2 are adjusted as in Table 2.

Martínez-Gómez et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:47   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-47

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