Table 2

Mortality risk according to traditional and non-traditional health behaviors in older adults

N /deaths

Model 1

HR (95% CI)

Model 2

HR (95% CI)


Traditional health behavior

Never smoking or quitting tobacco >15 years

No

793/331

1 (Ref.)

1 (Ref.)

Yes

2,672/913

0.61 (0.51 to 0.73)

0.65 (0.55 to 0.78)

Very/moderately physically active

No

855/478

1 (Ref.)

1 (Ref.)

Yes

2,610/766

0.55 (0.48 to 0.63)

0.63 (0.55 to 0.72)

Healthy diet score ≥median in the cohort

No

1,741/695

1 (Ref.)

1 (Ref.)

Yes

1,724/549

0.80 (0.70 to 0.90)

0.79 (0.70 to 0.89)

Non-traditional health behavior

Sleeping 7 to 8 h/d

No

2,062/840

1 (Ref.)

1 (Ref.)

Yes

1,403/404

0.76 (0.67 to 0.87)

0.83 (0.73 to 0.94)

Sitting time <8 h/d

No

479/288

1 (Ref.)

1 (Ref.)

Yes

2,986/956

0.56 (0.47 to 0.65)

0.70 (0.60 to 0.82)

Interaction with friends daily

No

573/269

1 (Ref.)

1 (Ref.)

Yes

2,892/975

0.78 (0.65 to 0.93)

0.92 (0.79 to 1.08)


HR, Hazard ratio; CI, Confidence interval. Model 1: Adjusted for age (years), sex (men, women), and educational attainment (no education, primary, secondary or higher). Model 2: Adjusted as in Model 1 and additionally for occupational status (employed, unemployed, retired, househusband/housewife), alcohol intake (g/d), former drinking (yes, no), extreme sleep durations (yes, no), body mass index (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), systolic blood pressure (mm Hg), hypercholesterolemia status (yes, no), coronary heart disease (yes, no), stroke (yes, no), diabetes mellitus (yes, no), hip fracture (yes, no), cancer (yes, no), and the other health behaviors included in this table.

Martínez-Gómez et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:47   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-47

Open Data