Table 4

Differences between those screening positive or negative for ADHD in endorsement of risk assessment items
Self-report risk assessment Positive ADHD screen % (n) Negative ADHD screen % (n) Χ2 (df = 1) Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Any illness or injury, or any other medical condition? 51.3 (20) 31.7 (45) 5.10* 2.27 (1.10 to 4.66)
Taking, supposed to be taking, or need any tablets/medication? 19.5 (8) 15.6 (22) 0.35 1.31 (0.54 to 3.21)
Consumed alcohol in the last 24 hours? 28.2 (11) 26.8 (38) 0.03 1.08 (0.49 to 2.37)
Dependent on drugs or any other substances? 25.6 (10) 9.2 (13) 7.50** 3.42 (1.37 to 8.57)
Ever tried to harm yourself? 23.1 (9) 7.7 (11) 7.32** 3.57 (1.36 to 9.39)
Experiencing any mental health problems or depression? 23.1 (9) 6.4 (9) 9.35** 4.37 (1.60 to 11.94)
Require any help with reading/writing? 10.3 (4) 2.8 (4) 3.96 3.91 (0.93 to 16.44)
Custody officer risk assessment
Detainee appears to be injured or unwell? 20.5 (8) 11.3 (16) 2.22 2.02 (0.79 to 5.14)
Detainee is in need of a Doctor or other Health Care Professional? 20.0 (6) 11.3 (13) 1.58 1.96 (0.68 to 5.69)
Appears to have taken/be under the influence of alcohol/drugs/any other substance? 23.1 (9) 12.8 (18) 2.55 2.05 (0.84 to 5.01)
Detainee has indications of self harm? 17.9 (7) 5.7 (8) 6.03* 3.64 (1.23 to 10.77)

*P < .05.

**P < .01.

ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Young et al.

Young et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:248   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-248

Open Data