Table 3

Simple Pearson correlations of key measures with a range of demographic, school, social and UKCAT process measures
Educational Attainment 3/5 best A-levels/Highers UKCAT total score Overall medical school
(zEducational Attainment) (Alevels_TotalBest (zUKCATtotal) score (OverallScore)
SQAhighers_TotalBest)
Demographic measures UK national (UK) .008 .000/-.042 .060 *** -.007
(3,432) (2,764/769) (4,811) (4,811)
Male (UCAS.Male) -.037 * .026/.058 .061 *** -.039 **
(3,432) (2,764/769) (4,742) (4,742)
Aged 21+ (Cand.AgeGT21) n/a n/a -.060 *** .080 ***
(4,766) (4,766)
Aged 30+ (Cand.Age30plus) n/a n/a -.023 -.003
(4,766) (4,766)
Ethnic2 (non-White) (UCAS.Ethnic2) -.053 ** -.062 **/-.033 -.141 *** -.142 ***
(3,221) (2,549/766) (4,149) (4,149)
School measures Selective schooling (SelectiveSchool) .051 ** .038 */.120 *** .075 *** -.101 ***
(3,432) (2,764/769) (4,811) (4,811)
DfES value added KS 5 (DFESshrunkVA) -.012 .012/n/a -.014 -.049 *
(2,092) (2,119) (2,561) (2,561)
DfES average points per student (DFES.AVEPointStudent) .085 *** .127 ***/n/a .097 *** -.065 ***
(2,114) (2,141) (2,586) (2,586)
DfES average points per exam entry (DFES.AvePointScore) .111 *** .101 ***/n/a .044 * -.111 ***
(2,109) (2,136) (2,582) (2,582)
Social background Socio-economic classification (SEC) (1 = High 5 = Low) (CAND.NSSEC) -.058 * -.084 ***/-.046 -.056 *** -.011
(2,939) (2,356/675) (4,091) (4,091)
Overall deprivation decile (1 = high, 10 = low deprivation) (IMDOverallQualityDecile) .079 *** .076 ***/n/a .113 *** .032
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
Income deprivation decile (IMD1IncomeDecile) .078 *** .083 ***/n/a .125 *** .039 *
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
Employment deprivation decile (IMD2EmploymentDecile) .063 ** .073 ***/n/a .109 *** .008
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
Health disability decile (IMD3HealthDisabilitySkillsDecile) .055 ** .048 */n/a .098 *** .016
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
Education deprivation decile (IMD4EducationDecile) .056 ** .064 **/n/a .083 *** -.019
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
Housing and services deprivation decile (IMD5HousingAndServicesDecile) .046 * .035/n/a -.024 .059 ***
(2,275) (2,307) (.176) (3,074)
Crime deprivation decile (IMD6CrimeDecile) .061 ** .040/n/a .100 *** .062 ***
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
Living environment decile (IMD7LivingEnvironmentDecile) .049 * .036/n/a .066 *** .042 *
(2,275) (2,307) (3,074) (3,074)
UKCAT measures UKCAT questions skipped/missed (UKCATskipped) .000 -.015/-.041 -.310 *** -.005
(3,432) (2,764/769) (4,811) (4,811)
UKCAT percentile day of taking test (UKCATdayOfTakingPctileRank) -.092 *** -.059 **/-.018 -.058 *** -.090 ***
(3,432) (2,764/769) (4,811) (4,811)
UKCAT allowed extra time (UKCATexamSeriesCode) .007 .014/-.012 .030 * .004
(3,432) (2,764/769) (4,811) (4,811)
UKCAT school experience of test (UKCATcandPerSchool) -.029 .038/-.174 *** -.033 * -.033 *
(3,295) (2,630/754) (4,022) (4,022)
GCE and SQA results Three best A-levels (Alevels_TotalBest) .690 *** −/− .088 *** .177 ***
(2,725) (2,764) (2,764)
Four best AS-levels (ASlevels_TotalBest) .605 *** .416 ***/- .155 *** .184 ***
(1,842) (1,865/-) (1,877) (1,877)
Nine best GCSEs (GCSEs_TotalBest) .600 *** .293 ***/- .202 *** .082 *
(721) (723/-) (930) (930)
Five best Scottish Highers (SQAhighers_TotalBest) .328 *** −/− .040 .003
(715) (769) (769)
Five best Scottish “Highers Plus” (SQAhighersPlus_TotalBest) .532 *** -/.884 *** .104 ** .137 ***
(682) (−/730) (730) (730)
Best Scottish advanced higher (SQAadvHighers_TotalBest) .776 *** -/.249 *** .118 ** .362 ***
(639) (−/769) (681) (681)

Note: measures in italics are contextual measures, and should be treated with care as they describe the student’s environment rather than the student themselves. Key: * P <.05; ** P <.01; *** P <.001. Correlations with P <.05 are also shown in bold. Names in bold in parentheses are variable names as described in Table 1).

McManus et al.

McManus et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:244   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-244

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