Table 2

Effects of Primary Care Triple P compared with UC: means at baseline, improvements from baseline, regression coefficients (B), and 95% CI expressing differences in outcomes after treatment adjusted for baseline, based on multi-level models (n = 67)
Outcome Group Improvement
T0 to T1 (immediately after treatment) T0 to T2 (6 months after treatment) T0 to T3 (12 months after treatment)
Mean (SD) B 95% CI Mean (SD) B 95% CI Mean (SD) B 95% CI
SDQa (α = 0.60) UC 0.96 ± 4.34 0.77 −1.37 to 2.91 0.96 ± 5.44 1.94 −0.30 to 4.19 2.29 ± 5.96 1.59 −0.56 to 3.76
I 2.74 ± 4.04 3.57 ± 4.93 4.19 ± 5.0
ECBIa (α = 0.87) UC 1.81 ± 13.48 4.99 −3.63 to 13.64 2.74 ± 13.62 5.81 −3.37 to 14.99 9.22 ± 17.71 5.18 −3.59 to 13.97
I 8.53 ± 22.07 10.67 ± 19.24 15.29 ± 24.35
PSb (α = 0.84) UC 0.05 ± 0.40 0.13 −0.04 to 0.31 0.04 ± 0.37 0.02 −0.17 to 0.21 0.02 ± 0.49 0.10 −0.07 to 0.29
I 0.26 ± 0.37 0.15 ± 0.35 0.20 ± 0.46
PSIb (α = 0.88) UC 1.21 ± 6.00 2.75 −0.87 to 6.37 0.66 ± 6.97 −0.51 −4.41 to 3.38 −1.35 ± 9.59 2.18 −1.51 to 5.89
I 4.93 ± 9.09 1.10 ± 5.49 1.96 ± 8.71
PSBCb (α = 0.97) UC −0.20 ± 1.71 −0.54 −1.20 to 0.10 0.28 ± 0.90 −0.04 −0.71 to 0.62 0.31 ± 0.92 −0.39 −1.05 to 0.26
I 0.82 ± 1.42 0.55 ± 1.67 0.84 ± 1.47
DASSb (α = 0.94) UC 3.21 ± 10.33 −5.80 −12.28 to 0.67 3.55 ± 14.09 −5.38 −12.25 to 1.48 1.03 ± 14.60 −3.64 −10.26 to 2.96
I 2.00 ± 24.43 3.86 ± 19.03) 2.83 ± 18.44

Abbreviations: DASS, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale; ECBI, Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory; I, iIntervention; PCTP, Primary Care Triple P; M, Mean; SD, standard deviation; PS, Parenting Scale; PSBC, Problem Setting and Behaviour Checklist; PSI, Parenting Stress Index; SDQ, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; UC, Usual care.

aPrimary outcome.

bSecondary outcome.

Spijkers et al.

Spijkers et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:240   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-240

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