Table 6

Neonatal and maternal outcomes for well performing intervention clusters and control clusters in the same strata for the entire intervention and restricted to the last six months of the intervention
Group
Well performing intervention clusters Control clusters same strata P-value
Clusters, N 33 36
Outcomes for full intervention period
Births ≥1,000 g, N 40,897 42,662
Primary outcome - Mean (95% CI)
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 40.6 (37.0, 44.1) 40.4 (37.0, 43.7) 0.9404
Secondary outcomes - Mean (95% CI)
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.8 (19.2, 24.5) 23.3 (21.0, 25.6) 0.4087
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate/1,000) 14.9 (12.5, 17.3) 15.7 (14.0, 17.4) 0.5504
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 19.2 (17.6, 20.8) 17.8 (16.2, 19.3) 0.2095
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 24.6 (22.6, 26.7) 21.9 (20.0, 23.7) 0.0516
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 33.9 (30.6, 37.1) 33.2 (30.4, 36.0) 0.7365
  Maternal mortality (<42 days) (Rate/100,000) 103.2 (71.7, 148.5) 108.5 (76.0, 154.8) 0.7425
Outcomes for final six months of intervention period
Births ≥1,000 g, N 10,514 10,568
Primary outcome - Mean (95% CI)
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 38.1 (33.6, 42.6) 41.3 (36.5, 46.1) 0.3666
Secondary outcomes - Mean (95% CI)
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.3 (18.0, 24.6) 23.2 (19.4, 27.0) 0.4976
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate / 1,000) 14.4 (11.3, 17.5) 13.3 (10.9, 15.8) 0.6080
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 17.7 (14.8, 20.6) 18.7 (15.7, 21.7) 0.6118
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 23.0 (19.3, 26.8) 22.8 (19.1, 26.5) 0.9220
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 31.4 (27.3, 35.6) 32.1 (28.7, 35.5) 0.8153

Pasha et al.

Pasha et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:215   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-215

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