Table 3

Descriptive statistics for women-reported outcome measures in A and B clusters in phases 1, 2, and 3
Post-natal women-reported outcomes Phase 1a Phase 2b Phase 3c
A B A B A B
10-12 days Primary outcome: pain on walking or sitting in previous 24 hours, % (n) 74.5% (140) 75.6% (201) 76.7% (217) 74.1% (363) 78.5% (277) 78.2% (358)
Total walking and sitting pain scores over previous 24 hours, mean (SD) 1.9 (1.6) 1.7 (1.4) 1.7 (1.5) 1.8 (1.5) 1.9 (1.5) 1.8 (1.5)
Required removal of sutures, % (n) 2.1% (4) 2.2% (6) 0% (0) 3.7% (18) 1.4% (5) 2.8% (13)
Took pain relief in previous 24 hours, % (n) 29.6% (56) 25.7% (69) 22.9% (66) 31.7% (156) 29.8% (106) 25.0% (116)
Still breastfeeding, % (n) 65.8% (125) 66.1% (181) 63.9% (186) 67.5% (332) 68.6% (243) 69.2% (324)
Had perineal wound infection requiring antibiotics, % (n) 6.9% (13) 5.5% (15) 2.8% (8) 6.1% (30) 5.0% (18) 3.9% (18)
3 months Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Score ≥13, % (n) 6.7% (10) 7.6% (16) 11.2% (26) 10.1% (35) 11.8% (36) 10.6% (47)
Resumed intercourse after 9 weeks or more, % (n) 41.9% (62) 48.6% (101) 53.3% (120) 56.1% (193) 56.0% (163) 50.7% (219)
Poor or fairly poor perineal healing, % (n) 9.3% (14) 4.7% (10) 7.5% (17) 6.7% (23) 7.5% (23) 7.1% (31)
Still breastfeeding, % (n) 48.3% (71) 50.0% (106) 44.8% (103) 47.6% (165) 45.2% (140) 47.4% (210)

aPrior to intervention implementation.

bAfter implementation of intervention in group A units, but before implementation in group B units.

cAfter implementation of intervention in Group B units.

Ismail et al.

Ismail et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:209   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-209

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