Table 6

Comparison of outside help-seeking options for cholera in endemic areas of three African settings, by site and gender
Category SE-DRC, n = 360 Western Kenya, n = 379 Zanzibar, n = 356
Overall Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Faith healers 19.4 0.31 18.5 0.23 14.9 0.18
Healthcare facility 100.0 4.79 100.0 4.76 100.0 4.64
Informal help*** 13.6 0.18 54.6 0.72 55.9 0.86
Pharmacy/OTC*** 19.4 0.20 59.1 0.70 34.0 0.36
Site comparison Urban Rural P value Urban Rural P value Urban Rural P value
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Healthcare facility 100.0 4.69 100.0 4.90 0.001 100.0 4.87 99.5 4.65 0.005 100.0 4.87 100.0 4.41 <0.001
Informal help 15.6 0.22 11.7 0.13 0.263 44.2 0.54 65.1 0.90 <0.001 38.5 0.52 73.4 1.21 <0.001
Pharmacy/OTC 20.6 0.22 18.3 0.18 0.546 55.3 0.61 63.0 0.79 0.072 27.4 0.27 40.7 0.44 0.007
Traditional healers 9.4 0.14 4.4 0.09 0.075 12.1 0.16 17.5 0.19 0.187 3.9 0.04 9.6 0.12 0.031
Gender comparison Female Male P value Female Male P value Female Male P value
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Healthcare facility 100.0 4.77 100.0 4.82 0.976 100.0 4.79 100.0 4.72 0.475 100.0 4.77 100.0 4.51 0.013
Informal help 10.5 0.12 16.8 0.23 0.078 49.5 0.62 60.0 0.83 0.026 50.8 0.69 61.0 1.03 0.014
Traditional healers 5.0 0.08 8.9 0.15 0.159 10.3 0.12 19.5 0.22 0.014 7.8 0.08 5.6 0.07 0.418

Categories ordered alphabetically. ‘Total reported’ = percentage of categories reported spontaneously and upon probing. ‘Prominence’ = mean prominence of categories based on how reported (spontaneous = 2, probed = 1, most helpful = 3). ‘Overall’: figures in bold designate top three prominent categories; comparison between settings based on the Kruskal-Wallis test, *** P <0.001. ‘Site comparison’ and ‘Gender comparison’: figures in bold designate significant differences at P <0.05 based on the Wilcoxon test. Data for Southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (SE-DRC) in ‘Overall’ section from Merten et al. [31]. Data for western Kenya in ‘Site comparison’ section from Nyambedha et al. [28]. Data for Zanzibar in ‘Site comparison’ section from Schaetti et al. [27].

OTC over-the-counter drugs.

Schaetti et al.

Schaetti et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:206   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-206

Open Data