Table 5

Comparison of home-based self-treatment options for cholera in endemic areas of three African settings, by site and gender
Category SE-DRC, n = 360 Western Kenya, n = 379 Zanzibar, n = 356
Overall Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Drinking water/liquids*** 55.6 0.86 89.4 2.00 69.1 1.32
Herbal treatment*** 50.3 0.84 33.2 0.62 66.3 1.79
ORS*** 92.8 3.26 87.1 2.20 66.3 1.45
Self-administered drugs*** 56.1 1.19 73.9 1.89 58.4 1.30
Site comparison Urban Rural P value Urban Rural P value Urban Rural P value
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Doing nothing at home 5.6 0.09 10.6 0.24 0.109 0.5 0.03 5.3 0.12 0.020 27.9 1.25 19.8 0.53 0.005
Drinking water/liquids 66.7 1.07 44.4 0.64 <0.001 87.9 1.93 91.0 2.07 0.493 68.7 1.58 69.5 1.05 0.006
Herbal treatment 50.0 0.79 50.6 0.89 0.912 30.0 0.61 36.5 0.63 0.292 49.7 1.29 83.1 2.31 <0.001
Prayers 44.4 0.80 50.6 0.74 0.497 51.1 0.68 32.3 0.37 <0.001 55.9 0.74 47.5 0.73 0.229
Self-administered drugs 48.3 1.03 63.9 1.36 0.006 76.8 1.95 70.9 1.83 0.251 44.7 1.03 72.3 1.57 <0.001
Gender comparison Female Male P value Female Male P value Female Male P value
Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence Total reported Prominence
Alcoholic drinka 4.4 0.05 11.2 0.12 0.019 4.1 0.06 10.8 0.14 0.014 NA NA NA NA NA
Herbal treatment 47.0 0.78 53.6 0.91 0.147 25.8 0.42 41.1 0.83 0.001 70.9 1.92 61.6 1.67 0.149
ORS 91.7 3.27 93.9 3.26 0.790 90.2 2.38 83.8 2.01 0.017 65.4 1.36 67.2 1.53 0.492
Self-administered drugs 50.3 1.07 62.0 1.32 0.023 69.6 1.87 78.4 1.91 0.585 61.5 1.35 55.4 1.25 0.363

Categories ordered alphabetically. ‘Total reported’ = percentage of categories reported spontaneously and upon probing. ‘Prominence’ = mean prominence of categories based on how reported (spontaneous = 2, probed = 1, most helpful = 3). ‘Overall’: Figures in bold designate top three prominent categories; comparison between settings based on the Kruskal-Wallis test, *** P <0.001. ‘Site comparison’ and ‘Gender comparison’: Figures in bold designate significant differences at P <0.05 based on the Wilcoxon test. Data for Southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (SE-DRC) in ‘Overall’ section from Merten et al. [31]. Data for western Kenya in ‘Site comparison’ section from Nyambedha et al. [28]. Data for Zanzibar in ‘Site comparison’ section from Schaetti et al. [27].

aNot elicited in Zanzibar.

ORS oral rehydration solution.

Schaetti et al.

Schaetti et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:206   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-206

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