Prevalence of the individual components of metabolic syndrome according to sex (left panel: men; right panel: women) and body mass index (BMI) class. Top: BMI <25 kg/m2; middle; BMI 25 to 30 kg/m2; bottom: BMI ≥30 kg/m2. For all BMI classes, more men met the criteria for high blood pressure, elevated blood glucose and elevated triglyceride levels than did women, while women more frequently met the criteria for high waist circumference. Prevalence of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) abnormalities was not different between men and women. Higher tobacco consumption was particularly associated with abnormalities in HDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and to a lesser extent with abnormal waist circumference. BP, blood pressure; glucose, blood glucose; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; waist, waist circumference.
Slagter et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:195 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-195