Table 6

Unadjusted* RRs for immune-mediated diseases following admission for rickets, osteomalacia or vitamin D deficiency, combined
Autoimmune condition O E RR (95% CI) P-value
Ankylosing spondylitis 16 9.3 1.73 (0.99 to 2.81) 0.04
Asthma (aged 5 to 54) 150 393 0.38 (0.32 to 0.45) <0.001
Celiac disease 78 15.8 4.96 (3.91 to 6.19) <0.001
Crohn’s disease 47 23.2 2.03 (1.49 to 2.7) <0.001
Diabetes mellitus (aged 0 to 29) 20 6.3 3.2 (1.96 to 4.95) <0.001
Multiple sclerosis 15 16.4 0.92 (0.51 to 1.51) 0.826
Rheumatoid arthritis 158 147.2 1.07 (0.91 to 1.25) 0.397
Ulcerative colitis 32 28.9 1.11 (0.76 to 1.56) 0.626

O Observed number of cases, E Expected number, RR Rate ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval.

* See Methods section and legend for Table 2.

Ramagopalan et al.

Ramagopalan et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:171   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-171

Open Data