Table 1

Clinical conditions influenced by smoking in HIV-positive patients

Cardiovascular disease

-Coronary artery disease

-Myocardial infarction

-Stroke

Pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary disease

-Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

-Bacterial pneumonia

-Pulmonary tuberculosis

Cancers

Opportunistic infections

-Oral candidiasis

-Oesophageal candidiasis

-Pneumocystis pneumonia

Bone disease and fractures


Petrosillo and Cicalini BMC Medicine 2013 11:16   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-16

Open Data