Table 4

Results of meta-analysis of the studies on the factors associated with PTB patient delay
Factors No. of studies No. of participants Variance between studies Pooled OR 95% CI Test for overall effect (p)
Q( p ) I2 (%)
Patient delay
Gender (Female) 7 32,114 <0.00001 83 1.20 (0.90, 1.62) 0.22
Gender (Female) in rural 3 1,689 0.08 60 1.94 (1.13, 3.33) 0.02
Gender (Female) in urban 4 30,425 0.0004 84 0.91 (0.65, 1.27) 0.59
Severe symptoms 3 940 0.78 0 0.46 (0.32, 0.68) <0.0001
Education 2 575 0.49 0 2.14 (1.03, 4.47) 0.04
Residence in rural 2 24,363 0.91 0 1.79 (1.62, 1.98) <0.0001
Age (≥60 years old) 3 6,941 0.009 79 1.06 (0.69, 1.63) 0. 78
Age (≥60 years old) in rural 2 1,388 0.41 0 1.27 (0.95, 1.70) 0.10
Diagnostic delay
Gender (Female) 3 21,177 0.06 64 1.00 (0.83, 1.22) 0.96
Residence in rural 2 15,809 0.04 76 1.40 (1.23, 1.59) <0.0001
Facility to visit firstly in unorthodox, non-TB control health facility 3 1,317 0.16 45 5.75 (3.03, 10.94) <0.0001

Li et al.

Li et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:156   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-156

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