Table 2

Cost per faller (in addition to usual care costs) and cost per fall estimates based on adjusted regression coefficients ((standard error), P value) regressing faller (dichotomous) or total number of falls (count) on the overall sum of acute care costs, rehabilitation costs and all costs directly related to falls by subgroup and across all groups
Group OLS regression OLS regression with outliers removed Robust regression
Cost per faller Cost per fall Cost per faller Cost per fall Cost per faller Cost per fall
Control: cognitively intact 17,240 (3,994), P <0.001 8,905 (2,101), P <0.001 18,516 (3,322), P <0.001 9,695 (1,742), P <0.001 21,071 (1,931), P <0.001 9,695 (1,743), P <0.001
Control: cognitively impaired 35,650 (7,307), P <0.001 16,488 (4,041), P <0.001 15,664 (4,481), P <0.001 14,805 (2,907), P <0.001 14,978 (3,932), P <0.001 14,804 (2,908), P <0.001
Materials only: cognitively intact 17,241 (3,994), P <0.001 8,840 (2,040), P <0.001 18,322 (3,763), P <0.001 7,599 (1,480), P <0.001 17,295 (2,310), P <0.001 7,599 (1,480), P <0.001
Materials only: cognitively impaired 35,650 (7,307), P <0.001 6,910 (3,782), P = 0.07 719 (6,071), P = 0.91 4,901 (2,758), P = 0.08 1,566 (6,401), P = 0.81 4,901 (2,758), P = 0.08
Complete program: cognitively intact 14,301 (5,260), P = 0.007 17,571 (3,857), P <0.001 5,976 (4,521), P = 0.19 7,310 (3,503), P = 0.04 6,004 (3,517), P = 0.09 7,311 (3,503), P = 0.04
Complete program: cognitively impaired 26,843 (11,072), P = 0.02 17,178 (4,000), P <0.001 20,797 (5,118), P <0.001 9,305 (2,217), P <0.001 17,156 (3,924), P <0.001 1,468 (1,466), P <0.001
All cognitively intact patients 21,506 (2,632), P <0.001 9,898 (1,326), P <0.001 15,759 (2,158), P <0.001 8,222 (1,055), P <0.001 14,591 (1,431), P <0.001 9,273 (704), P <0.001
All cognitively impaired patients 26,474 (4,686), P <0.001 13,879 (2,088), P <0.001 12,274 (2,924), P <0.001 8,455 (1,055), P <0.001 11,375 (2,534), P <0.001 11,074 (1,094), P <0.001
All patients 24,927 (2,270), P <0.001 12,469 (1,086), P <0.001 14,606 (1,679), P <0.001 8,454 (839), P <0.001 13,522 (1,199), P <0.001 9,629 (561), P <0.001

Coefficients adjusted for age, gender, admission diagnosis grouping, whether there was admission to a rehabilitation ward, admission health related quality of life (assessed by the EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) instrument), and history of falls in the 6 months prior to hospital admission.

OLS, ordinary least squares.

Haines et al.

Haines et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:135   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-135

Open Data