Table 2

The cost of single dose treatments for some neglected tropical diseases and of several treatments for malnutrition.

Disease or condition

Treatment

Unit

Annual treatment

Cost in USD of treatmentsa


Intestinal nematode worms

Albendazole

400 mg tab

1-2 tabs

0.02 - 0.04b

Mebendazole

500 mg tab

1-2 tabs

0.03 - 0.06b

Schistosomiasis

Praziquantel

600 mg tab

1-3 tabs

0.10 - 0.30

Onchocerciasis

Ivermectin

3 mg tab

1-3 tabs

1.50 - 4.50c

Trachoma

Azithromycin

500 mg tab

0.5-2.0 tabs

0.11 - 0.44

Vitamin A deficiency

Retinol

200,000 IU capsule

2 capsules,

1 every 6 months

0.04

Micronutrient deficiencies

Multiple micronutrientsd

Tablets

24-36 tabs over 3 months

0.39 - 0.59

Thinness and micronutrient deficiencies in schoolchildren

Micronutrient fortified biscuits

for school feeding

Approx 75 g (300 kcal) per day

200 days per year

2.66 - 15.92e

Wasting and growth faltering in children aged 1-5 years

Ready-to-use therapeutic food

92 g (500 kcal)

per sachet

30-60 sachets per child

10.80 - 21.60


aPurchase costs of treatments except ivermectin from UNICEF Supply Branch, June 2011.

bNow available free from GSK by application through the WHO.

cNominal list price from Merck, but free under Mectizan donation program [51].

dFormulation for pregnant women, so typically given two to three times a week to school-age children.

ePurchase costs derived from Gelli et al. [52] using WFP data; range is for different countries.

Hall et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:41   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-41

Open Data