Table 5

Mean change of outcomes for the whole study sample

Outcome

Follow-up

Mean difference

(95% CI)

P


Pain

Post-treatment

0.6 (0.2 to 1.0)

0.004

NRS (0-10)

One-year

0.8 (0.3 to 1.3)

0.003

Disability

Post-treatment

1.5 (0.7 to 2.2)

0.000

RMQ-23

One-year

2.2 (1.1 to 3.2)

0.000

General health

Post-treatment

-0.04 (-0.07 to -0.005)

0.02

EQindex

One-year

-0.03 (-0.08 to -0.01)

0.18

General health

Post-treatment

-4 (-8.7 to 0.7)

0.09

EQVAS

One-year

-5 (-9.4 to -0.5)

0.03

Depression

Post-treatment

3.0 (1.8 to 11.3)

0.000

BDI

One-year

1.7 (0.8 to 2.7)

0.000


Mean differences, confidence interval (CI) and P-values for outcome measures at baseline, post-treatment and at one-year follow-up. BDI, Beck Depression Inventory; EQ-5D, EuroQol; NRS, numeric rating scale; RMQ, Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire.

Jensen et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:22   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-22

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