Table 1

Characteristics of participants in intervention and control groups at entry to study

Intervention

(n = 120)

Control

(n = 121)


Demographic factors

Age (years)

83.4 (5.81; 71 to 99)

83.2 (5.91; 71 to 101)

Gender, n males (%)

39 (33)

39 (32)

Lives alone, n (%)

60 (50)

51 (42)

Health

Number of frailty criteria presenta, n (%)

3

77 (64)

79 (65)

4

33 (28)

30 (25)

5

10 (8)

12 (10)

Medical conditionsb (0 to 26)

7.44 (2.90; 0 to 13)

7.37 (2.58; 0 to 12)

Mini Mental Scale scorec (0 to 30)

26.6 (2.58; 19 to 30)

25.9 (3.14; 18 to 30)

Geriatric Depression Scalec (0 to 15)

4.76 (3.18; 0 to 14)

5.06 (3.19; 0 to 14)

Functioning

Walks with walking aid, n (%)

95 (79)

92 (76)

- Activity

Walking speed (m/s)

0.45 (0.17; 0 to 1.00)

0.48 (0.16; 0 to 1.03)

Short Physical Performance Battery (0 to 12)

5.2 (1.89; 0 to 11)

5.74 (2.12; 0 to 12)

AMPAC, mobility scale

51.0 (8.36; 28.1 to 69.5)

54.2 (7.78 (30.8 to 69.5)

Barthel Index (0 to 100)

93.9 (11.1; 45 to 100)

92.5 (14.3; 2 to 100)

Nottingham Extended ADL Index (0 to 18)d

9.44 (4.1; 0 to 18)

9.13 (4.3; 1 to 18)

- Participation

Gets out of the house as desired, n (%)

67 (56)

64 (53)

Life Space Assessment (0 to 120)

27.6 (12.9; 4 to 62)

30.0 (14.3; 4 to 72)

Reintegration to Normal Living Index (0 to 36)

22.1 (4.4; 5 to 31)

22.7 (3.5; 11 to 35)


Values are mean (SD, range) unless stated otherwise. a Frailty Phenotype (modified from Cardiovascular Health Study criteria) [14]; b self-reported, doctor diagnosed medical conditions; c missing data for Geriatric Depression Scale (n = 1), Mini Mental Status Examination (n = 1); d mobility component. ADL: activities of daily life; AMPAC: Activity Measure for Post Acute Care.

Fairhall et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:120   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-120

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