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A little bit is better than nothing: the incomplete parthenogenesis of salamanders, frogs and fish

Kathrin P Lampert1 and Manfred Schartl2*

Author Affiliations

1 Animal Evolutionary Ecology and Biodiversity, University of Bochum, Universitätsstrasse 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany

2 Physiological Chemistry I, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Würzburg, Germany

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BMC Biology 2010, 8:78  doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-78

Published: 3 August 2010


A re-examination of the mitochondrial genomes of unisexual salamander lineages, published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, shows them to be the oldest unisexual vertebrates known, having been around for 5 million years. This presents a challenge to the prediction that lack of genetic recombination is a fast track to extinction.

See research article webcite