Table 1

Ethogram' of zebrafish related to vision

Behavior

Description

Tectum involved?

Selected references


Visual startle

Sudden fast start following sudden changes in ambient light levels

Unknown

[62-64]

Photomotor response

Muscle contractions in response to very bright light

No

[65]

Visual background adaptation

Neuro-endocrine response of melanophore pigment cells to ambient light levels; melanin granules aggregate in bright light

No; probably AF1

[66,67]

Circadian photoentrainment

Responses in physiology and behavior to the natural light-dark cycle

No; probably AF1

[68,69]

Phototaxis

Swimming and turning toward a light source

Yes

[70-72]

Scototaxis

Preference for a dark compartment

Unknown

[73]

Dorsal light response

Tilting of the body axis toward a light source

No

[74]

Optokinetic response

Slow eye movements following the motion of a large stimulus; punctuated by saccades

No; possibly AF9

[62,67,70,75,76]; F Kubo and HB, unpublished work

Optomotor response

Turning and swimming in the direction of a large moving stimulus

No

[67,77-79]

Visually mediated dispersal

Keeping a minimum distance to other fish larvae

Unknown

AB Arrenberg and HB, unpublished work

Visual obstacle avoidance

Fast start to prevent collision with approaching object

Yes

[80]

Visual escape response

Escape turn away from any large moving object

Yes

[81]

Prey capture

Complex behavior involving J turns, slow tracking swims and fast capture swims in pursuit of small prey

Yes

[16,82-84]

Predator avoidance

Complex escape behavior; probably requires predator recognition

Yes

[85,86]

Shoaling

Grouping with conspecifics; shown by juvenile and adult fish

Unknown

[87-91]

Visual mate choice

Preference of particular shapes as reproductive stimuli by adult fish

Unknown

[92]


Nevin et al. BMC Biology 2010 8:126   doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-126

Open Data