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Open Access Correction

Correction: African American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups

Bert Ely1*, Jamie Lee Wilson2, Fatimah Jackson3 and Bruce A Jackson2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208, USA

2 Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology Program, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854, USA

3 Department of Anthropology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

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BMC Biology 2007, 5:13  doi:10.1186/1741-7007-5-13

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received:26 March 2007
Accepted:26 March 2007
Published:26 March 2007

© 2007 Ely et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


After the publication of this work [1], we became aware that AFDIL data set used to construct our database of sub-Saharan mtDNA sequences had been mislabelled, and in fact, did not contain Sierra Leone mtDNA sequences. We have obtained the correct Sierra Leone data set from AFDIL, reconstructed the database using the new file, and reanalyzed all of the data. The size of our database was reduced from 3725 to 3717 since the new Sierra Leone data set contained 109 sequences instead of 117 in the mislabelled data set. The swapping of data sets resulted in a cascade of minor corrections to Tables 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 (see below). We also corrected an error in the entry for BAM013 in Table 7. However, the only major change was that there were a number of matches of African-American sequences to sequences in the mislabelled data set. Thus, the number of African-American matches to single ethnic groups dropped from a total of 16 to 9 (Table 3) representing just 5% of the African American sequences that we compared to the database.

Table 2. Characteristics of the sub-Saharan mtDNA HVS-I database

Table 3. Number of Perfect Matches to African-American HVS-I sequences

Table 4. Imperfect matches to the Gullah/Geechee and AFDIL African-American HVS-I sequences

Table 5. Geographical source of mtDNA HVS-I matches

Table 6. Distribution of single region matches

Table 7. Mitochondrial DNA HVS-I sequences included in this study

Table 8. Malinke and Bambara Mitochondrial DNA HVS-I sequences included in this study


  1. Ely B, Wilson JL, Jackson F, Jackson BA: African American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups.

    BMC Biology 2006, 4:34. PubMed Abstract | BioMed Central Full Text | PubMed Central Full Text OpenURL