Table 1

Case studies where heritable bacteria commonly transfer horizontally on an ecological timescale

Bacterium

Movement occurs between

Ecological context

References


Arsenophonus nasoniae

Parasitic wasp species

Sharing of host pupa

[19]

A. phytopathogenicus

Species of phytophagous Hemiptera

Through plant phloem

[20]

Rickettsia

Bemisia whiteflies

Through plant phloem

[21]

Wolbachia

Parasitic wasp species

Sharing of host egg

[22]

Hamiltonella defensa

Aphids

Via exterior of the ovipositor of parasitic wasps

[23]


Duron and Hurst BMC Biology 2013 11:45   doi:10.1186/1741-7007-11-45

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