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Open Access Research article

Modality matters for the expression of inducible defenses: introducing a concept of predator modality

Quirin Herzog1 and Christian Laforsch2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biology II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Großhadernerstr. 2, Planegg-Martinsried 82152, Germany

2 Department of Animal Ecology I, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30, Bayreuth 95440, Germany

BMC Biology 2013, 11:113  doi:10.1186/1741-7007-11-113

Published: 18 November 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1: Figure S1.:

Full concept for the role of modality in systems with two predators. For detailed description see Figure 4. In addition to Figure 4, optimal responses and maladaption costs of mismatching phenotypes in environments with predator succession and predator co-occurrence are given for each subgroup.

Format: TIFF Size: 1.9MB Download file

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