Table 1

Calibration data used to estimate divergence times within the carnivore supertree.

Clade or split

Age of fossil or range of split (in Ma)

Fossil or split

Reference


Boreoeutheria (1)

96.1 ± 10%

Laurasiatheria versus Euarchontoglires

[37]

Rodentia (2)

57.25

Tribosphenomys minutus

[37]

Rattus versus Mus (3)

12.0

Split between Rattus and Mus

[33]

Chiroptera (4)

52.2

Ageina tobieni

[37]

Cetartiodactyla versus Perissodactyla (5)

52.2

Diacodexis sp., Orientolophis sp., Pakicetus inachus

[37]

Carnivora (7)

50.0

Split between Caniformia and Feliformia

Modified from [33]

Felidae (10)

31.15

Proailurus jordani

[37]

Viverridae (50)

25.72

Palaeoprionodon lamandini

[37]

Hyaenidae (83)

19.5

Herpestides sp.

OBE (unpublished)

Canidae (123)

43.35

Procynodictis vulpiceps

[37]

Ursidae (124)

19.5

Ursavus brevirhinus

[37]

Phocidae (202)

19.5

Pinnarctidion bishopi

[37]


Unless otherwise indicated, point estimates were also taken to be minimum age constraints. For date ranges, the initial calibration point was the midpoint of the range.

Nyakatura and Bininda-Emonds BMC Biology 2012 10:12   doi:10.1186/1741-7007-10-12

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