Table 4

Direct and indirect real cost of cholera (US$) in 2007 (at 2002 prices)

Summary of direct costs of cholera

Scenario 1: At maximum life expectancy of 73 years

Scenario 2: At average life expectancy of 53 years

Scenario 3: At minimum life expectancy of 40 years


US$

% of grand TC

US$

% of grand TC

US$

% of grand TC


    (A). Direct costs

(1) Annual cost of medicines used in treating children and adults suffering mild/moderate cholera state at health centre

140,729

0.19

140,729

0.23

140,729

0.32

(2) Annual cost of medicines used in treating children and adults suffering severe cholera state at hospitals

54,508

0.07

54,508

0.09

54,508

0.13

(3) "Hotel" cost component of mild/moderate cholera cases consultations at health centres

2,080,794

2.84

2,080,794

3.47

2,080,794

4.80

(4) "Hotel" cost component of severe cholera cases hospitalization

510,332

0.70

510,332

0.85

510,332

1.18

(5) Cost cholera-related tests all cholera cases

1,722,805

2.35

1,722,805

2.88

1,722,805

3.98

(6) Health care cost borne by households

271,798

0.37

271,798

0.45

271,798

0.63

Total Direct Costs

4,780,966

6.58

4,780,966

7.98

4,780,966

11.04

    (B) Indirect costs

(7) Cost of disablement among severe cases

64,184

0.27

64,184

0.11

64,184

0.15

(8) Cost of disablement among mild/moderate cases

532,118

2.27

532,118

0.89

532,118

1.23

(9) Cost of premature deaths

65,892,630

89.90

53,144,560

88.70

36,544,544

84.37

(10) Productivity loss for care-givers

1,391,308

1.03

1,391,308

2.32

1,391,308

3.21

Total Indirect Costs

67,880,240

93.42

55,132,170

92.02

38,532,154

88.96

    Grand total cost

72,661,207

100

59,913,137

100

43,313,121

100


Kirigia et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:8   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-8

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