Table 2

Health indicators of study participants

Health indicators

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total


Sex

183

52

235


Age group

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total (%)


5-14

0

1

1 (0.4)

15-24

13

2

15 (6.5)

25-34

30

12

42 (18.1)

35-44

63

18

81(34.9)

45-54

39

10

49 (21.1)

55-64

19

5

24 (10.3)

≥65

17

3

20 (8.6)


WHO-5 Well-being questionnaire

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total (%)


Score ≥13

27

5

32 (14.2)

Score <13 (poor emotional well-being)

149

44

194 (85.4)


Body size

Male

Female


Height (cm): mean (min-max)

163.1 (145-180)

152.5 (140-169)

Weight (kg): mean (min-max)

55.0 (35-82)

51.6 (26-78)


Body Mass Index (BMI: kg/m2)

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total (%)


BMI<16.5

14

2

16 (7.0)

16.5≤ BMI<18.5

25

9

34 (15.0)

18.5≤ BMI<23

97

20

117 (51.5)

23≤ BMI<27

35

14

49 (21.6)

BMI≥27

5

6

11 (4.8)


Handgrip strength mean (kg)

Male

Female


Mean (min-max) for the right hand (kg)

30.6 (0-55)

23.4 (12-41)

Mean (min-max) for the left hand (kg)

29.5 (0-50)

20.3 (0-45)


Standing balance mean (seconds)

Male

Female

Total


Mean (95% CI) for the right leg

46.5 (41.4-51.6)

38.2 (30.1-46.4)

44.5 (40.1-48.8)

Mean (95% CI) for the left leg

46.0 (40.9-51.1)

39.8 (31.6-48.1)

44.4 (40.1-48.8)


Standing balance performance

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total


Right leg >30 seconds

94

24

118

Right leg ≤ 30 seconds

82

28

110

Left leg >30 seconds

95

25

120

Left leg ≤ 30 seconds

81

27

135


Pain intensity within 2 weeks

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total (%)


No pain

3

0

3 (1.3)

Light pain

17

8

25 (11.0)

Moderate pain

133

37

170 (74.9)

Severe pain

22

7

29 (12.8)


Pain frequency within 2 weeks

Male (n)

Female (n)

Total (%)


Constant pain (all the time)

42

14

56 (25.2)

Periodic pain (one or more times a week)

85

26

111(50.0)

Occasional pain (less than once a week)

44

11

55 (24.8)


Wang et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:31   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-31

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