Table 2

Household management of child illness (< 5 years) in the district of Djenné, Mali, Community health worker survey, April 2006 (n = 401).

Knowledge/practice of the caregiver regarding specific illnesses

Number

%

CI 95%


Management of fever *:

Chloroquine

149

37.0

32.4 -- 42.1

Paracetamol

42

11.0

7.7 -- 14.0

Chloroquine + Paracetamol

162

40.0

35.6 -- 45.4

other

48

12.0

9.0 -- 15.7

Treatment of diarrhoea* :

ORS ±

43

10.7

8.0 -- 14.3

SSS ±

5

1.2

0.5 -- 3.1

Oxytetracycline

111

27.7

23.4 -- 32.4

Other**

96

23.9

19.9 -- 28.5

Traditional**

96

23.9

19.9 -- 28.5

Other over counter drugs**

18

4.5

2.8 -- 7.1

Doing nothing

29

7.2

5.0 -- 10.3

Correct knowledge of dosage

Chloroquine

85

21.2

17.4 -- 25.6

Paracetamol

179

44.6

39.7 -- 49.7

Possession of « household kit »

Yes

47

11.8

8.9 -- 15.5

No

352

88.2

84.6 -- 91.2

Presence of drugs in the household

Chloroquine

73

18.2

14.6 -- 22.4

Paracetamol

42

10.5

7.7 -- 14.0

ORS

3

0.7

0.2 -- 2.4

Over counter drugs

18

4.5

2.8 -- 7.1

Presence/use of bed net

Presence

315

78.6

74.1 -- 82.4

Being used

216

57.8

52.8 -- 62.8

Impregnated

64

16.6

12.9 -- 20.3

Presence of iodized salt in the household

Iodized salt

376

98.7

96.8 -- 99.5


C.I. = confidence interval

± ORS = oral rehydration therapy; SSS = home-made salt/sugar solution

* Correct answer: for fever: chloroquine plus paracetamol, for diarrhoea SRO (26)

** Other: other drugs bought in the formal market, example: amoxiciline, drugs for a cold; traditional: beavers based on local plants; over the counter drugs: drugs acquired through the informal system.

Perez et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:28   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-28

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