Table 1

Comparison of sample characteristics and housing condition between transitional camps and permanent housing project.

Demographics

    Transitional camp
(n = 156)

    Housing project
(n = 147)

P


Age

37.0 (S.D. 11.8)

38.8 (S.D. 15.1)

0.76


Sex

Male

37% (57)

44% (64)

0.21


Female

63% (99)

56% (83)


Marital status

Single

5.8% (9)

6.9% (10)


Married

80.5 (124)

85.5% (124)

0.17


Widowed

11.0% (17)

7.6% (11)


Divorced

2.6% (4)

-


Males that smoke tobacco

61.4% (35)

40.1% (26)

0.02


Males that use alcohol Use

37.5% (21)

26.6% (17)

0.20


Household level (means)


Monthly income

Rs 6921 (S.D. 3830)

Rs 7356 (S.D. 3970)

0.34


Unemployment rates

Male

7% (4)

7.9% (8)

0.87


Female

82.8% (82)

80.7% (67)

0.85


Adults

2.8 (S.D. 1.2)

2.7 (S.D. 1.1)

0.22


Children

1.4 (S.D. 1.0)

1.7 (S.D. 1.3)

0.093


People/room

3.4 (S.D. 1.5)

1.1 (0.4)

<0.001


Housing conditions


Leaking house

48.7% (76)

53.7% (79)

0.38


Flood when rains

All of the time

5.1% (8)

0.7% (1)


Some of the time

47.4% (74)

9% (13)

<0.001


None of the time

47.4% (74)

90.3% (131)


Damp

Very

3.2% (5)

0


Quite

59.0% (92)

17.2% (25)

<0.001


None

37.8% (59)

59.5% (120)


Mould

Very

5.1% (8)

0


Quite

22.4% (35)

13.8% (20)

0.002


None

72.4% (113)

86.2% (125)


Cooking fuel

Wood

61.3% (92)

81.9% (118)


Gas

5.3% (8)

1.4% (2)

0.003


Kerosene

31.3% (2)

15.3 (22)


Combination

1.5% (2)

1.4% (2)


Drinking water source

Private piped

0

39.5% (58)


Communal piped

87.8% (136)

36.1% (53)

<0.001


Communal well

0

24.5% (36)


Bowser

12.3% (19)

0


Toilet location

Private, inside house

0

67.3% (99)


Private, outside house

0

32.7% (48)

<0.001


Communal

100% (156)

0


Number using toilet

222.6 (S.D. 208.2)

4.4 (S.D. 1.8)

<0.001


Turner et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:16   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-16

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