Table 3

Factors associated with attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women identified by multiple logistic regression analyses*

Benin

Burkina Faso

Ethiopia

Ghana

Kenya

Lesotho

Liberia

Madagascar

Malawi

Mozambique

Namibia

Nigeria

Rwanda

Swaziland

Tanzania

Uganda

Zimbabwe


Variable

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR


Sex

Women (vs men)

4.40

3.71

4.03

1.73

ns

0.71

4.37

5.36

1.99

1.38

ns

1.49

2.13

ns

2.01

1.76

1.35

Age

15–24

ns

ns

1.28

1.77

1.67

1.45

1.49

1.41

1.44

1.26

1.25

1.44

1.38

2.56

1.56

1.34

2.21

25–34

ns

ns

ns

1.48

ns

ns

1.17

ns

ns

1.13

ns

ns

ns

1.24

1.19

ns

1.44

Education

No education

2.12

2.19

2.20

2.09

2.46

1.61

ns

ns

1.33

1.84

ns

1.36

1.91

1.42

2.04

ns

2.06

Primary

1.44

1.99

1.97

1.69

2.23

1.61

ns

ns

1.44

1.67

1.21

ns

1.85

1.54

2.45

1.31

1.38

Occupation

Not working

0.86

1.20

ns

ns

ns

ns

0.79

0.78

0.80

1.19

ns

ns

1.20

ns

0.86

ns

0.85

Marital

Currently married

1.44

ns

ns

ns

1.46

ns

ns

1.35

0.69

ns

0.69

ns

0.81

ns

ns

ns

0.75

Formerly married

1.60

1.42

1.57

ns

1.52

ns

1.40

ns

0.56

ns

ns

ns

0.78

ns

0.78

ns

ns

Wealth

Poorest

2.65

ns

ns

3.24

1.87

1.77

1.24

1.47

1.47

1.22

5.85

2.08

ns

1.69

1.70

1.42

2.88

Poor

2.14

ns

1.26

2.06

1.78

1.59

1.25

ns

1.54

1.38

3.94

1.83

ns

1.61

1.63

1.73

2.72

Middle

2.21

ns

ns

1.93

1.66

1.31

ns

ns

1.40

1.44

3.08

1.56

1.17

1.36

1.48

1.45

2.25

Richer

1.79

1.23

1.28

1.64

1.73

ns

ns

1.22

1.38

1.43

1.71

1.47

1.18

1.28

1.24

1.44

1.61

Type of residence

Rural (versus urban)

1.18

ns

2.06

ns

ns

1.22

1.15

0.73

1.21

1.15

ns

ns

1.15

1.38

ns

1.49

1.24

Decision making indices

Respondent alone (0–5)

0.92

0.95

1.22

ns

1.12

ns

1.38

ns

1.11

0.95

1.12

ns

1.10

ns

1.08

1.08

1.13

Husband/Partner alone (0–5)

1.06

ns

1.21

ns

1.11

1.09

1.36

1.14

1.13

1.12

1.20

1.21

1.11

1.10

ns

1.23

1.15

Husband-wife (0–5)

0.92

0.88

ns

0.91

0.88

0.81

1.18

0.90

0.92

na

na

0.93

ns

ns

0.91

ns

1.08

Media access

Read newspaper

0.84

0.77

0.79

0.81

0.80

0.82

0.85

ns

1.20

ns

0.81

0.75

0.88

ns

ns

ns

0.74

Listen to radio

ns

ns

ns

ns

ns

ns

ns

0.83

ns

ns

ns

ns

0.80

ns

ns

ns

1.23

Watch television

ns

ns

0.85

0.85

ns

ns

ns

0.81

ns

1.22

1.26

ns

ns

ns

1.18

ns

ns


Abbreviations: OR: odds ratio; ns: not significant; na: not available

*Shown are odds ratio that are significant at p = 0.01

Reference group: Age- 35 or older; Education – secondary or more; occupation – working; marital status – never married; wealth status – richest

Uthman et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:14   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-14

Open Data