Table 6

Odds ratios for poor levels of metabolic control by place of last outpatient visit.

Metabolic control indicators

(n)

Community health centers

Public clinic

Public hospital

Private clinical setting


HbA1C ≥ 7%

460

1.00

0.93

0.84

1.40

-People with insulin

134

1.00

0.32

*

0.34

*

0.25

-People with oral medication

321

1.00

0.75

1.14

2.03

SBP ≥ 130 mg/dlb

479

1.00

0.82

1.28

1.22

-People with antihypertensive medication

321

1.00

0.51

0.80

0.43

DBP ≥ 80 mg/dlb

479

1.00

1.21

1.11

1.65

-People with antihypertensive medication

321

1.00

0.83

1.02

1.47

SBP ≥ 130 & DBP ≥ 80 mmHgb

479

1.00

1.34

1.33

1.30

-People with antihypertensive medication

321

1.00

0.86

1.01

1.02

Triglycerides≥ 150 mg/dl

452

1.00

0.51

**

0.63

0.40

**

-People with statin medication

99

1.00

0.38

0.32

0.17

*

LDL ≥ 100 mg/dl

423

1.00

0.72

0.40

**

0.27

***

-People with statin medication

76

1.00

0.15

0.20

0.01

***

HDL ≤ 40 mg/dl

472

1.00

1.63

1.17

0.85

Without aspirin intake

471

1.00

1.05

0.80

1.10

Without influenza vaccine last year

478

1.00

1.40

1.17

1.62

Without physician examination at least once a year

478

1.00

0.95

1.09

7.10

**


Notes: a/Odds ratios computed from logistic regressions that control for sex, age, income, schooling, region of residence, health insurance, history of stroke, history of heart attack, smoking, obesity, and years since diagnosis of DM. The odds ratios for biomarkers are also controlled for estimated caloric intake. Analyses exclude interviewees who had their last outpatient visit at home, because sample size for that category is too small.

b/Arithmetic mean of two measurements

Brenes-Camacho and Rosero-Bixby BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:5   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-8-5

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