Table 2

Nodes (themes) included/excluded – with descriptions.

Included or Excluded

Node Title

Node Description

Included – Key Nodes: Drawing from more than 75% of reports


Recommendation that describes or relates to training, the need for training, processes for training, etc.

Funding, Finances

Recommendation that pertains to finances, financial matters, funding and the management of funds.

Collaborating Organisation

Recommendation pertains to a collaborating organisation. Mention of link with other organisation (has overlap with NGO node)

Included – Major Nodes: Drawing from less than 75% but more than 50% of reports

Management Issues

Recommendation relates to management functions, processes, activities and concerns, and the management of work related issues.

Government – Links Agencies Dep'ts

Recommendation describes or pertains to government, government role or responsibility or relationship with government department or service or agency


Recommendation regarding expansion and expansion plans of the project. Increased services, new areas, new types of service.

Community Involvement

Recommendation describes or pertains to community involvement with the project, and to work in local communities or villages. Includes community mobilisation. May have overlap with community development.


Recommendation pertaining to an NGO/INGO or relationship with an NGO/INGO. Often where NGO is provider of funding, of expatriate staff or expert input.

Included – Minor Nodes: Drawing from less than 50% but more than 45% of reports


Recommendation describes or pertains to documentation in the project the collecting and use of data, surveys, documentation of activities, people etc., and reporting on these.

Organisational Development

Recommendation regarding or pertaining to organisational development – usually of the project or its parent organisation. Resources for or training for or importance of organisational development.

Income-Generation Vocational

Recommendation which pertains to income generation for people with disabilities, work-related, includes vocational issues.

Education – integrated

Recommendations which describe or pertain to inclusive education, disabled children in schools, special schools, etc

Included – (Summarised) Minor Nodes: Drawing from less than 45% but more than 25% of reports

DPOs self help groups

Recommendation describes or pertains to any self help or DPO initiatives, either the fostering of them, the need to link with them, the need to dissociate from them.

Participation in project

Recommendation describes or pertains to increasing participation of people with disabilities in the project (in terms of methods used, roles, etc) or participatory strategies that boost general participation of people with disabilities

CBR worker LS, Role, Recruit

Recommendation describes or pertains to the role or position or work of the (usually paid) local supervisor or CBR worker. Includes recommendations to recruiting to this position


Recommendation describes or pertains to volunteers, village level volunteers, volunteering in CBR and associated concepts.


Recommendations which include statements about planning, the need for planning, the sort of planning that should be undertaken, etc.


Recommendation pertains to: government policy, the need to influence policy; organisational policy, the need for, etc. The project's connection with policy.

Family Involvement

Recommendation which pertains to the involvement of family members in the project, suggestions to increase or build family involvement.

Medical Rehab, Clinical, Therapy

Recommendation that mentions medically oriented rehabilitation, physical or clinical therapies; including the provision of, need for, etc.

Evaluation & Monitoring

Recommendation pertains to monitoring and evaluation – either in future, data that should be collected for, or current monitoring needs.

Target Disability Type

Recommendation pertaining to specific type of disability, responding to needs of people with a particular type of disability. Resources or skills required for responding to the needs of people with a specific type of disability.


Recommendation describes or pertains to administrative issues or functions

Coverage Service Provision

Recommendation describes or pertains to coverage of services, methods of service provision, improving service provision or coverage

Staff Development

Recommendation relating to staff development in general (may have overlap with training)

Specific Technology or Skill

Recommendation describes or pertains to a particular technology or skill that is required in a CBR project.

Attitudes to people w/disability

Recommendation pertains to need to address attitudes to people with disability – either in society in general – or within the project.

Grass-Roots Orientation

Recommendation which pertains to grass-roots, village-oriented or bottom-up approach. May have overlap with community involvement and decentralisation


Recommendation describes a research need, suggests a research topic or area, identifies research-related issue.

PR and publicity

Recommendations pertain to the areas of public relations, improving public image and the public awareness of the project (sometimes overlapping public awareness of disability in general).

Excluded: Drawing from less than 25% of reports.


Recommendation pertaining to the empowerment of people with disabilities. Activities, training, etc which is for that purpose

Efficiency & Effectiveness

Recommendation pertains to efficiency or effectiveness in a CBR project. The need for attention to, recommendations to increase and strategies for maximising efficiency and effectiveness

Work Process, Teams

Recommendation describes or pertains to the process of work. The work processes within the CBR project.

Prevention, Early Detection

Recommendation for or pertaining to (disability) prevention, early intervention, early detection type activities.


Any gender-related recommendation. Recommendations which pertain to gender issues, gender equity, gender matters in the project.


Recommendation describes or pertains to some form of advocacy or the need for advocacy. Usually individual advicacy


Any reference to project or programme sustainability

Excluded: Drawing from less than 20% of reports.

Aids Appliances Modifications

Recommendation describes or pertains to any mobility or other aids or appliances, modifications to buildings or relevant equipment


Recommendation describes or pertains to the decentralisation of services. Moving services out of offices and into communities. Going to smaller villages or regional areas.

Holistic Approach

Recommendations for or pertaining to a more holistic approach in the project.

Orthopaedics Orth-otics Prosthetics

Recommendation pertains to provision of orthopaedic/orthotic/prosthetic appliances or assistance. The need for, training for, referral to.

Psycho-social Support

Recommendation pertaining to psycho-social issues, psycho-social support and interventions.

Human Rights

Recommendations that make mention of or pertain to human rights issues

Village Committees

Recommendation pertains to village CBR committees (instigation, management, training, process, representation of, assistance for etc.)

Excluded: Drawing from less than 10% of reports.

Negatives, Descr-iption of Problem

Statement that describes a problem, negative situation, issue to be addressed.

Needs Assessment

Recommendation describes or pertains to needs assessment. Recommendations for, about, suggestions on, etc.


Recommendation pertains to deinstitutionalisation – in the setting up of CBR or in institutional practices that have emerged in the project.

Cultural Relevance

Recommendation pertains to local culture, attempts to respond to or be more relevant to local culture. Impact of culture on CBR

Ethics Confidentiality

Recommendations for increased confidentiality or ethical practice. Pertains to some ethical issues in CBR practice


Recommendation pertaining to sexuality and related issues


Recommendation relating to organisational or project infrastructure, infrastructure needed,

Kuipers et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:3   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-8-3

Open Data