Table 1

Prevalence of aggressive behavior among eighth and ninth grade secondary students attending public schools in a central region of El Salvador by socio-demographic characteristics, 1999

Factor

Sample Size

Phyisical fight in past 12 months

Physical fight at school in past 12 months

Carried a weapon in past 30 days

Carried a weapon at school in past 30 days





% (CI)c

Adj. OR (95% CI)d

% (CI)c

Adj. OR (95% CI)d

% (CI)c

Adj. OR (95% CI)d

% (CI)c

Adj. OR (95% CI)d


Gender

Male

516

41.9 (± 3.1)

2.78 (2.04, 3.72)

22.5 (± 2.6)

1.95 (1.36, 2.78)

20.5 (± 2.5)

8.29 (4.56, 15.07)

8.4 (± 1.7)

4.16 (1.98, 8.76)

Femalea

463

21.4 (± 2.6)

1.00

13.0 (± 2.1)

1.00

3.0 (± 1.1)

1.00

1.9 (± 0.9)

1.00

Age Group (in years)

12 to 14a

292

33.6 (± 3.0)

1.00

19.7 (± 2.6)

1.00

11.0 (± 2.0)

1.00

6.1 (± 1.5)

1.00

15 to 16

467

30.6 (± 3.0)

0.94 (0.68, 1.31)

17.7 (± 2.5)

0.95 (0.64, 1.40)

12.0 (± 2.1)

1.15 (0.71, 1.86)

4.9 (± 1.4)

0.85 (0.44, 1.63)

17 to 20

173

32.9 (± 3.0)

1.04 (0.68, 1.59)

16.8 (± 2.4)

0.93 (0.55, 1.55)

14.0 (± 2.2)

1.16 (0.64, 2.12)

3.5 (± 1.2)

0.56 (0.21, 1.47)

Subjective Economic Statusb

Low

390

33.1 (± 3.0)

1.08 (0.80, 1.45)

17.5 (± 2.4)

1.00 (0.70, 1.43)

14.2 (± 2.2)

1.29 (0.85, 1.96)

6.2 (± 1.5)

1.41 (0.77, 2.58)

Higha

564

32.4 (± 3.0)

1.00

18.8 (± 2.5)

1.00

11.2 (± 2.0)

1.00

5.0 (± 1.4)

1.00

School Geography

Urban

489

40.5 (± 3.1)

2.15 (1.59, 2.89)

24.1 (± 2.7)

2.31 (1.61, 3.32)

13.5 (± 2.1)

1.41 (0.92, 2.16)

7.4 (± 1.6)

2.65 (1.36, 5.15)

Rurala

490

23.9 (± 2.7)

1.00

11.9 (± 2.0)

1.00

10.9 (± 2.0)

1.00

3.3 (± 1.1)

1.00

Total

979

32.1 (± 2.9)

N/A

18.0 (± 2.4)

N/A

12.2 (± 2.1)

N/A

5.3 (± 1.4)

N/A


Bold text indicates significant at < .05 level.

Abbreviations: ref, referent; Subj. E.S., Subjective Economic Status; Prev., Prevalence; Adj. OR, Adjusted Odds Ratio; CI, 95% Confidence Interval; N/A, not applicable.

aReferent group;bLow = self-classification as "poor", "nearly poor" or "just getting by"; High = self-classification as "living very well off" or "living comfortably."cPrevalence is based on bivariate association and is unadjusted.dOR adjusted for all factors in table

Springer et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:3   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-6-3

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