Table 4

Distribution of study outcomes at baseline and endline, by treatment group and effect estimates of past-year intimate partner violence (Per protocol Analysis) (N = 934)
Treatment type Baseline N (%) Endline N (%) Adjusted OR,q 95% CI p-value
Physical and/or Sexual IPV VSLA Only (Comparison)a 93 (22.1) 78 (21.0) -- --
VSLA + GDGb (Low adherence) 64 (22.9) 63 (24.6) 1.19 (0.69, 2.05) 0.64
VSLA + GDGc (High adherence) 55 (23.5) 37 (16.3) 0.64 (0.35, 1.16)l 0.14
Physical IPV VSLA Only (Comparison)a 65 (15.4) 55 (14.8) -- --
VSLA + GDGb (Low adherence) 44 (15.8) 36 (14.1) 0.93 (0.49, 1.77) 0.82
VSLA + GDGc (High adherence) 36 (15.4) 17 (7.5) 0.45 (0.21, 0.94)l 0.04
Sexual IPV VSLA Only (Comparison)a 44 (10.5) 53 (14.3) -- --
VSLA + GDGb (Low adherence) 38 (13.6) 41 (16.0) 0.85 (0.44, 1.64) 0.63
VSLA + GDGc (High adherence) 33 (14.1) 27 (11.9) 0.54 (0.27, 1,10)l 0.11
Economic abuse VSLA Only (Comparison)d 113 (27.4) 128 (34.6) -- --
VSLA + GDGe (Low adherence) 99 (36.3) 56 (21.9) 0.31 (0.18, 0.52) <0.0001
VSLA + GDGf (High adherence) 64 (28.1) 48 (21.2) 0.47 (0.27, 0.81)m 0.01
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Adjusted β (95% CI) p-value
Justification for wife beating VSLA Only (Comparison)g 4.5 (4.3) 4.0 (4.0)
VLSA + GDG (Low adherence)h 5.2 (4.5) 3.9 (4.3) -0.19 (-1.13, 0.74)n 0.69
VSLA + GDGi (High adherence) 4.5 (4.2) 2.9 (3.6) -1.14 (-2.01, -0.28) 0.01
Ability to refuse sex VSLA Only (Comparison)j 5.7 (1.7) 6.2 (1.5)
VLSA + GDG (Low adherence)h 5.7 (1.8) 6.3 (1.6) 0.07 (-0.32, 0.46)o 0.72
VSLA + GDG (High adherence)k 5.7 (1.7) 6.4 (1.4) 0.12 (-0.24, 0.48) 0.50

aTotal n for VLSA only at baseline is 416; Total n for VLSA only at endline is 368.

bTotal n for VSLA + GDG low adherence at baseline is 275; Total n for VLSA + GDG low adherence at endline is 252.

cTotal n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at baseline is 232; Total n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at endline is 226.

dTotal n for VLSA only at baseline is 408; Total n for VLSA only at endline is 367.

eTotal n for VSLA + GDG low adherence at baseline is 270; Total n for VSLA + GDG low adherence at endline is 252.

fTotal n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at baseline is 227; Total n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at endline is 226.

gTotal n for VLSA only at baseline is 419; Total n for VLSA only at endline is 401.

hTotal n for VSLA + GDG low adherence at baseline is 278; Total n for VSLA + GDG low adherence at endline is 273.

iTotal n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at baseline is 233; Total n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at endline is 229.

jTotal n for VLSA only at baseline is 421; Total n for VLSA only at endline is 403.

kTotal n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at baseline is 234; Total n for VSLA + GDG high adherence at endline is 230.

lTotal observations in model is 1769/1868.

mTotal observations in model is 1750/1868.

nTotal observations in model is 1812/1868.

oTotal observations in model is 1818/1868.

pAdjusted for categorical number of pregnancies and religion as they were statistically associated with adherence.

Gupta et al.

Gupta et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:46   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-46

Open Data