Table 2

Baseline characteristics of study sample, by treatment arm (N = 934)
Overall N = 934a VSLA Only (Control n = 421)a VSLA Plus GDG (Treatment n = 513)a p-valueb
Age in years 37.7 (s.d. = 11.5) 37.7 (s.d. =12.1) 37.7 (s.d. = 10.9) 0.96
Marital status
Married 767 (82.1) 342 (81.2) 425 (82.9)
Not married 167 (17.9) 79 (18.8) 88 (17.2)
Lives with partner 124 (13.3) 61 (14.5) 63 (12.3) 0.58
Does not live with partner 43 (4.6) 18 (4.3) 25 (4.9)
Women’s occupation
Farmer only 145 (15.5) 61 (14.5) 84 (16.4)
Small business owner only 425 (45.5) 194 (46.1) 231 (45.0) 0.08
Farmer and small business owner 308 (33.0) 132 (31.4) 176 (34.3)
Other 56 (6.0) 34 (8.1) 22 (4.3)
Ethnicity
Yacouba 585 (62.6) 275 (65.3) 310 (60.4)
Senoufo, Dioula, or Guere 140 (15.0) 63 (15.0) 77 (15.0) 0.19
Other 209 (22.4) 83 (19.7) 126 (24.6)
Educationc
None 657 (70.6) 288 (68.7) 369 (72.1)
Primary 212 (22.8) 97 (23.2) 115 (21.5) 0.24
Secondary and above 62 (6.7) 34 (8.1) 28 (5.5)
Religionc
Christian 409 (44.3) 176 (42.3) 233 (46.0)
Muslim 139 (15.1) 73 (17.6) 66 (13.0) 0.19
Traditional 161 (17.4) 67 (16.1) 94 (18.5)
Other/None 214 (23.2) 100 (24.0) 114 (22.5)
Number of pregnancies
0 29 (3.1) 9 (2.1) 20 (3.9)
1-3 220 (23.6) 111 (26.4) 109 (21.3) 0.07
≥4 685 (73.3) 301 (71.5) 384 (74.9)
Partner’s occupationc
Farming 729 (79.8) 318 (77.2) 411 (81.9) 0.08
Non-farming 185 (20.2) 94 (22.8) 91 (18.1)

aColumn percentages.

bP-value presented from chi-square or t-tests, where appropriate.

cNumbers do not add to 934 due to missing data.

Gupta et al.

Gupta et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:46   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-46

Open Data