Table 4

Multinomial logistic regression of factors associated with receiving adequate vs inadequate antenatal care (RC = Non use of antenatal care)
Variables Less than four ANC visits Four or more ANC visits
RR (95% CI)1 RR (95% CI)1
Unintended Pregnancy 0.86 (0.64–1.15) 0.67 (.46–.96)*
Age
  15–24 1.00 1.00
  25–34 1.07 (.73–1.58) 1.07 (0.67–1.72)
  35+ 0.84 (.49–1.45) 0.94 (0.49–1.82)
Educational status
  No education 1.00 1.00
  Primary 1.32 (0.95–1.87) 1.61 (1.09–2.38)*
  Secondary & above 2.31 (0.92–5.76) 3.96 (1.58–9.94)*
Wealth index
  Low 1.00 1.00
  Middle 1.64 (1.15–2.32)** 1.57 (1.02–2.43)
  Upper 2.62 (1.76–3.88)*** 1.82 (1.12–2.94)*
Urban residence 1.07 (0.73–1.55) 1.37 (0.90–2.10)
Parity
  1–2 1.00 1.00
  3–4 0.99 (0.65–1.53) 1.17 (0.71–1.92)
  5+ 0.92 (0.58–1.46) 1.0 (0.58–1.74)
Participated in decisions 1.39 (1.06–1.82)* 1.27 (0.92–1.75)
> 1 hour walking distance from health facility 0.70 (0.51–0.96)** 0.59 (0.40–0.86)**
Recognized pregnancy after 3 months 0.89 (.68,1.17) 0.61 (0.44–0.85)**
Ever used family planning 2.19 (1.60–3.01)*** 3.26 (2.30–4.62)***

*significant at P < 0.05 **P < 0.01 ***significant at p < 0.001.

1Adjusted for age, education, residence, parity, wealth, and participation in decisions.

Wado et al.

Wado et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:36   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-36

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