Table 2

Fixed- and random-intercept parts of multilevel logistic regression of childhood sexual abuse
Empty modela Full modelb
Measures of association
Individual-level OR (95% CI) p-value
Country
  Liberia 0.45 (0.16, 1.33) 0.149
  Uganda 0.44 (0.21, 0.90) 0.025
  Nigeria 1 (reference)
  Ghana 1.62 (0.96, 2.74) 0.068
  Zimbabwe 1.71 (1.14, 2.57) 0.009
  Zambia 2.48 (1.53, 4.02) 0.001
Marital Status
  Never married 1 (reference)
  Currently married 2.03 (1.29, 3.19) 0.002
  Formerly married 5.97 (2.55, 13.94) 0.001
Education
  No education 0.16 (0.07, 0.39) 0.001
  Primary 0.84 (0.58, 1.21) 0.349
  Secondary or higher 1 (reference)
Occupation
  Not working 1 (reference)
  Working 2.05 (1.48, 2.83) 0.001
Wealth status
  Poorest 1.50 (0.70, 3.23) 0.297
  Poorer 1.00 (0.51, 1.96) 0.998
  Middle 0.82 (0.44, 1.55) 0.548
  Richer 1.07 (0.61, 1.89) 0.807
  Richest 1 (reference)
Community-level
  Average household size 0.94 (0.88, 1.01) 0.091
  Ethnic diversity 0.90 (0.57, 1.40) 0.629
Poverty rate 0.96 (0.61, 1.51) 0.861
Family disruption 1.57 (1.14, 2.16) 0.006
Urban (versus rural) 0.82 (0.51, 1.32) 0.413
Residential instability 1 (reference)
Measures of variation
Community-level
  Variance (SE) 0.74 (0.31) 0.33 (0.27)
  ICC (%) 18.3 9.1
  Explained variation (%) Reference 54.1

aEmpty model – no explanatory variables.

bFull model 2 – Adjusted for control-, individual- and community-level factors.

Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence intervals, SE standard error, ICC intra-community correlation.

Yahaya et al.

Yahaya et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:33   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-33

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