Table 3

Multivariate analysis for demographic and knowledge factors associated with a high stigma score, community residents of kebeles, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
    Characteristic
    Number (%) with
    Multivariate analysis
    High stigma score
*
    p-value
    Odds ratio
Gender 0.041
  Male 72 (28%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Female 130 (44%) 1.51 (1.02, 2.23)
Age 0.081
  ≤ 21 years 46 (38%) 0.57 (0.32, 1.01)
  22–44 years 97 (33%) 0.75. (0.55. 1.02)
  ≥ 45 years 58 (42%) 1.00 (Referent)
Education 0.051
  Completed primary school 58 (20%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Didn’t complete primary school 145 (53%) 2.15 (0.998, 4.62)
Residence < 0.001
  Town neighborhood kebele 36 (18%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Rural village kebele 167 (46%) 3.44 (2.16, 5.50)
Knowledge about infection vs. disease 0.042
  Correctly answers all items 110 (28%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Incorrect, one or more items 93 (56%) 1.78 (1.02, 3.08)
Knowledge about sexual transmission > 0.10
  Correctly answers all items 111 (29%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Incorrect, one or more items 92 (51%) 1.30 (0.88, 1.93)
Knowledge about MTCT 0.014
  Correctly answers all items 55 (25%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Incorrect, one or more items 148 (44%) 1.49 (1.09, 2.06)
Knowledge about ways HIV not spread < 0.001.
  Correctly answers all items 65 (22%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Incorrect, one or more items 138 (53%) 2.05 (1.40, 3.01)
Knowledge about HIV treatment 0.046
  Correctly answers all items 49 (23%) 1.00 (Referent)
  Incorrect, one or more items 154 (45%) 1.80 (1.01, 3.21)
Personally knows PLWH 0.020
  Yes 88 (27%) 1.00 (Referent)
  No 108 (50%) 1.41 (1.06, 1.89)

* defined as ≥3 negative responses.

Abbreviations: PLWH: Person living with HIV/AIDS; ART = antiretroviral therapy.

Lifson et al.

Lifson et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:6   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-6

Open Data