Table 2

Knowledge about HIV transmission and treatment, community residents of kebeles, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
HIV Infection vs. Disease:
A healthy looking person can have HIV 80% 14% 6%
Only people who look sick can spread HIV 15% 82% 3%
Sexual Transmission:
Can get HIV by having sex with an infected person 95% 3% 2%
Can protect against HIV by having one uninfected faithful sex partner 91% 8% 1%
Can protect against HIV by using a condom correctly and consistently 77% 11% 12%
Mother-to Child Transmission:
A woman with HIV can give HIV to baby during pregnancy or delivery 70% 20% 10%
A woman with HIV can give HIV to her baby by breast feeding 84% 9% 7%
There are ways a pregnant woman with HIV can reduce the chance of giving HIV to her unborn child 55% 20% 25%
Ways HIV is Not Spread:
Can get HIV from mosquito bites 26% 66% 8%
Can get HIV by sharing a meal with PLWH 11% 88% 2%
Can get HIV by touching PLWH 7% 91% 2%
Can get HIV by sleeping in same room as PLWH 10% 87% 3%
My child could get HIV by playing with another child who had AIDS 12% 86% 1%
HIV Treatment:
If you get AIDS, there is nothing you can do to help keep you alive 26% 68% 6%
There are treatments that prolong the life of PLWH 86% 7% 7%
There is a cure for AIDS 23% 72% 5%
If PLWH gets started on ART, OK to stop once you feel better 12% 80% 8%
If PLWH gets started on ART, it is important to take every day to prevent them from becoming sick 91% 3% 6%

Abbreviations: PLWH: Person living with HIV/AIDS; ART = antiretroviral therapy; DK = Don’t know.

Lifson et al.

Lifson et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:6   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-6

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