Table 3

Sensory function in the left foot of 15 falanga (F) and 17 no falanga (NF) torture victims and 14 healthy controls (C) (mean, SD, 95% CI, median and range for eight QST variables)
Left foot MDT CDT WDT CPT HPT PPT Wind-up mm Wind-up mm
target force g °C °C °C °C kPa at 0.3 Hz at 1.0 Hz
Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean
SD SD SD SD SD SD SD SD
CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI
Median Median Median Median Median Median Median Median
(Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range) (Range)
Falanga n=15 33.98 24.4 43.5 20.6 47.6 239 6 26
86.70 7.6 4.1 7.3 3.9 142 21 25
−14.03–82.00 20.2–28.7 41.2–45.8 16.5–24.6 45.5–49.8 160–317 −7–19 11–42
1.40 27.9 43.8 20.2 49.5 209 10 20
(0.16–300.00) (0–30.1) (36.0–50.0) (0–29.1) (36.5–50.0) (78–488) (−50–35) (0–78)
No Falanga n=17 9.47 21.9 45.1 15.5 49.2 262 6 20
16.17 7.5 3.5 9.6 1.4 179 12 16
1.16–17.79 17.9–25.9 43.2–46.9 10.2–20.8 48.4–50.0 170–353 −1–12 12–29
2.00 24.3 45.5 19.7 50.0 210 3 21
(0.07–60.00) (0–29.4) (39.1–50.0) (0–27.8) (45.0–50.0) (94–745) (−14–29) (−1–50)
Controls n=14 0.33 28.0 40.9 21.1 47.0 456 17 27
0.34 2.4 3.1 4.7 2.5 167 13 22
0.14-0.53 26.6–29.3 39.1–42.7 18.3–23.8 45.5–48.4 359–552 10–24 14–39
0.16 28.9 41.3 20.6 47.6 461 18 26
(0.07–1.00) (21.6–30.2) (36.1–45.1) (9.2–27.9) (42.0–49.8) (208–783) (0–39) (−2–63)
ANOVA p-value 0.002 * 0.045 0.011 0.099 0.093 0.001 0.096 6.656
Tukeys post hoc test F/NF 0.919 * 0.518 0.444 0.172 0.278 0.918 0.996 0.725
F/C 0.003 * 0.314 0.143 0.983 0.794 0.003 0.163 1.000
NF/C 0.007 * 0.035 0.008 0.130 0.088 0.006 0.123 0.701

MDT, mechanical detection threshold; g, gram; CDT, cold detection threshold; WDT, warm detection threshold; CPT, cold pain threshold; HPT, heat pain threshold; PPT, pressure pain threshold; kPa, kiloPascal; Wind-up mm at 0.3 Hz (mean pre/post difference in pain intensity VAS mm after wind-up stimulation at 0.3 Hz); Wind-up mm at 1.0 Hz (mean pre/post difference in pain intensity VAS mm after wind-up stimulation at 1.0 Hz); * calculated on log MDT.

Prip et al.

Prip et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:39   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-39

Open Data