Table 1

Demographic/socio-economic and life-style characteristics of women as victims of IPV during the past 12 months
Variables Psychological aggression (n = 1433) Physical assault (n = 1432)
Yes No Yes No
n % n % n % n %
Age (years) (n) NS NS
  Mean ± SD 28.7 ± 8.1 28.8 ± 8.7 28.7 ± 7.9 29.5 ± 8.8
Marital status (n) (1405) χ2(3) = 51.7, p < 0.0001 (1404) χ2(3) = 22.6, p < 0.0001
  Single 489 53.5 251 51.2 388 51.1 352 54.6
  Married/cohabitant 302 33 103 21 253 33.4 151 23.4
  Divorced/separated 88 9.6 90 18.4 86 11.3 92 14.3
  Widow 36 3.9 46 9.4 32 4.2 50 7.7
Children at home (n) (1348) NS (1347) NS
  Yes 649 73.1 352 76.5 554 75 446 73.4
Housing (n) (1408) NS (1407) NS
  Conventionala 787 85.5 411 84.4 650 84.8 547 85.3
  Non-conventionalb 134 14.5 76 15.6 116 15.2 94 14.7
Education (n) (1423) χ2(3) = 17.2, p = 0.0006 (1422) NS
  Noc 45 4.8 46 9.4 43 5.5 48 7.4
  Lowd 236 25.4 148 30.1 206 26.6 178 27.5
  Intere 519 55.7 241 49 427 55.2 333 51.4
  Highf 131 14.1 57 11.5 98 12.7 89 13.7
Occupational status (n) (1381) NS (1380) NS
  Blue-collar worker 504 55.8 294 61.5 440 58.8 358 56.7
  Low white-collar worker 47 5.2 18 3.8 35 4.7 30 4.7
  Middle/high white-collar worker 103 11.4 50 10.5 86 11.5 67 10.6
  Student/other 249 27.6 116 24.2 187 25 177 28
Socio-economic status (n) (1417) NS (1416) NS
  Work for othersg 320 34.4 145 29.8 277 35.8 188 29.3
  Liberal/own businessh 149 16 99 20.3 124 16 124 19.3
  Student 251 27 115 23.6 190 24.6 175 27.3
  Domestic/otheri 210 22.6 128 26.3 183 23.6 155 24.1
Salary/financial resources (n) (1386) NS (1386) NS
  Yes 424 46.4 213 45.1 362 47.5 275 44.1
Financial strain (n) (1405) NS (1404) NS
Yes 774 83.9 420 87.1 651 84.8 542 85.2
BMI (n) (1316) NS (1315) NS
  Mean ± SD 25 ± 4.6 24.5 ± 4.8 25.1 ± 4.6 24.5 ± 4.8
Alcohol use (n) (1412) χ2(1) = 8, p = 0.0046 (1411) χ2(1) = 9.4, p = 0.0021
  Yes 364 39.5 156 31.8 310 40.5 210 32.6
Cigarette use (n) (1399) NS (1398) NS
Yes 65 7.1 33 6.8 60 7.9 38 5.9
Age (years) (n) NS NS
  Mean ± SD 28.6 ± 7.9 29.6 ± 8.7 29.6 ± 7.7 28.8 ± 8.7
Marital status (n) (1405) χ2(3) = 30.1, p < 0.0001 (1404) χ2(3) = 32.8, p < 0.0001
  Single 390 54.6 350 50.7 209 43.5 531 57.5
  Married/cohabitant 230 32.2 175 25.3 174 36.3 230 24.9
  Divorced/separated 68 9.5 110 15.9 75 15.6 103 11.1
  Widow 26 3.7 56 8.1 22 4.6 60 6.5
Children at home (n) (1348) NS (1347) χ2(1) = 42.1, p < 0.0001
  Yes 513 74.2 488 74.3 397 84.8 603 68.6
Housing (n) (1408) NS (1407) χ2(1) = 6.6, p = 0.0103
  Conventionala 615 85.5 583 84.6 398 81.8 799 86.8
  Non-conventionalb 104 14.5 106 15.4 89 18.2 121 13.2
Education (n) (1423) NS (1422) NS
  Noc 37 5.1 54 7.7 34 7 57 6.1
  Lowd 185 25.5 199 28.6 145 29.6 239 25.7
  Intere 399 54.9 361 51.8 252 51.4 508 54.5
  Highf 105 114.5 83 11.9 59 12 128 13.7
Occupational status (n) (1381) NS (1380) χ2(3) = 36.9, p < 0.0001
  Blue-collar worker 403 57.4 395 58.2 300 64.1 498 54.6
  Low white-collar worker 35 5 30 4.4 23 4.9 42 4.6
  Middle/high white-collar worker 82 11.7 71 10.4 67 14.3 86 9.4
  Student/other 182 25.9 183 27 78 16.7 286 31.4
Socio-economic status (n) (1417) NS (1416) χ2(3) = 39.4, p < 0.0001
  Work for othersg 264 36.4 201 29 197 40.2 268 29
  Liberal/own businessh 118 16.3 130 18.8 87 17.8 161 17.4
  Student 184 25.3 182 26.3 80 16.3 285 30.8
  Domestic/othersi 159 22 179 25.9 126 25.7 212 22.8
Salary/financial resources (n) (1386) NS (1386) χ2(1) = 16.1, p = 0.0001
  Yes 344 48.4 293 43.4 256 53.3 381 42.1
Financial strain (n) (1405) NS (1404) χ2(1) = 6.3, p = .012
  Yes 605 84.1 589 85.7 429 88.3 764 83.2
BMI (n) (1316) NS (1315) (F(1,1313) = 10.7, p = 0.0011
  Mean ± SD 24.9 ± 4.5 24.7 ± 4.9 25.4 ± 4.7 24.5 ± 4.7
Alcohol use (n) (1412) χ2(1) = 15.1, p < 0.0001 (1411) χ2(1) = 9, p = 0.0026
  Yes 300 41.7 220 31.7 205 42.2 315 34.1
Cigarette use (n) (1399) χ2(1) = 6.6, p = 0.011 (1398) χ2(1) = 23.8, p < 0.0001
  Yes 62 8.7 36 5.2 56 11.6 42 4.6

a= e.g. own/rent housing in cement; b = e.g. own/rent housing in local materials wood; c = cannot read/write; d = primary school/similar

e= secondary school/similar; f = university/similar; g = e.g. clerks; h = e.g. accountants; i = at home/unemployed.

Zacarias et al.

Zacarias et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:35   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-35

Open Data