Open Access Open Badges Research article

The pattern of injury and poisoning in South East Iran

Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam1, Alexandra LC Martiniuk23*, Mahdi Mohammadi1, Mahdieh Rad1, Fatemeh Sargazi1, Khodadad Sheykhzadeh1, Seddighe Jelodarzadeh1 and Fatemeh Karimzadeh1

Author affiliations

1 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Sydney, M201 Missenden Rd, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia

3 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto; Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada

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Citation and License

BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012, 12:17  doi:10.1186/1472-698X-12-17

Published: 10 September 2012



Injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and even more so in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Iran is a LMIC and lacks information regarding injury for program and policy purposes. This study aimed to describe the incidence and patterns of injury in one province in South Eastern Iran.


A hospital-based, retrospective case review using a routinely collected registry in all Emergency Departments in Sistan and Baluchistan province, Iran for 12 months in 2007–2008.


In total 18,155 injuries were recorded during the study period. The majority of injuries in South Eastern Iran were due to road traffic crashes. Individuals living in urban areas sustained more injuries compared to individuals from rural areas. Males typically experienced more injuries than females. Males were most likely to be injured in a street/alley or village whereas females were most likely to be injured in or around the home. In urban areas, road traffic related injuries were observed to affect older age groups more than younger age groups. Poisoning was most common in the youngest age group, 0 to 4 years.


This study provides data on incidence and patterns of injury in South Eastern Iran. Knowledge of injury burden, such as this paper, is likely to help policy makers and planners with health service planning and injury prevention.

Iran; Injury; Road traffic crash; Urban/rural; Sex