Table 2

Summary of governance elements as addressed in selected contemporary health literature

Governance element

Reference


WHO 2007

Islam 2007

Siddiqi et al. 2009

Lewis & Pettersson 2009


Accountability


Effectiveness/efficiency


Equity


Ethics


Existence of standards


Incentives


Information/Intelligence


Participation/collaboration


Policy/System Design


Regulation


Responsiveness


Rule of Law


Transparency


Vision/Direction


Key: ● indicates the governance element is identified as an discrete element

○ indicates the governance element is mentioned in context of other elements

Mikkelsen-Lopez et al. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:13   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-11-13

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