Table 1

Types of diseases

Type

Definition

Example

Barriers to therapy in developing countries


Type 1

Diseases that are incident in both developed and developing countries with large numbers of vulnerable populations in both groups of countries

Diabetes

No market incentive to invest in interventions adapted to the resources and social and economic conditions of developing countries


Type 2

Diseases that are incident in both developed and developing countries but with a substantial proportion of the cases in developing countries

HIV

Type or strain of disease different in developed and developing countries


Type 3

Diseases that are overwhelmingly or exclusively incident in developing countries

Chagas disease

No market incentive to invest in research


Lexchin BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:20   doi:10.1186/1472-698X-10-20

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