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Open Access Research article

A population-based study of ambulatory and surgical services provided by orthopaedic surgeons for musculoskeletal conditions

Mayilee Canizares1*, Crystal MacKay12, Aileen M Davis13, Nizar Mahomed145 and Elizabeth M Badley146

Author Affiliations

1 Arthritis Community Research and Evaluation Unit, Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

2 Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

3 Department of Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Science and Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

4 Adjunct Scientist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

5 Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

6 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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BMC Health Services Research 2009, 9:56  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-56

Published: 31 March 2009

Abstract

Background

The ongoing process of population aging is associated with an increase in prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions with a concomitant increase in the demand of orthopaedic services. Shortages of orthopaedic services have been documented in Canada and elsewhere. This population-based study describes the number of patients seen by orthopaedic surgeons in office and hospital settings to set the scene for the development of strategies that could maximize the availability of orthopaedic resources.

Methods

Administrative data from the Ontario Health Insurance Plan and Canadian Institute for Health Information hospital separation databases for the 2005/06 fiscal year were used to identify individuals accessing orthopaedic services in Ontario, Canada. The number of patients with encounters with orthopaedic surgeons, the number of encounters and the number of surgeries carried out by orthopaedic surgeons were estimated according to condition groups, service location, patient's age and sex.

Results

In 2005/06, over 520,000 Ontarians (41 per 1,000 population) had over 1.3 million encounters with orthopaedic surgeons. Of those 86% were ambulatory encounters and 14% were in hospital encounters. The majority of ambulatory encounters were for an injury or related condition (44%) followed by arthritis and related conditions (37%). Osteoarthritis accounted for 16% of all ambulatory encounters. Orthopaedic surgeons carried out over 140,000 surgeries in 2005/06: joint replacement accounted for 25% of all orthopaedic surgeries, whereas closed repair accounted for 16% and reductions accounted for 21%. Half of the orthopaedic surgeries were for arthritis and related conditions.

Conclusion

The large volume of ambulatory care points to the significant contribution of orthopaedic surgeons to the medical management of chronic musculoskeletal conditions including arthritis and injuries. The findings highlight that surgery is only one component of the work of orthopaedic surgeons in the management of these conditions. Policy makers and orthopaedic surgeons need to be creative in developing strategies to accommodate the growing workload of orthopaedic surgeons without sacrificing quality of care of patients with musculoskeletal conditions.