Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Health Services Research and BioMed Central.

Open Access Highly Accessed Open Badges Research article

Income development of General Practitioners in eight European countries from 1975 to 2005

Madelon W Kroneman*, Jouke Van der Zee and Wim Groot

BMC Health Services Research 2009, 9:26  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-26

PubMed Commons is an experimental system of commenting on PubMed abstracts, introduced in October 2013. Comments are displayed on the abstract page, but during the initial closed pilot, only registered users can read or post comments. Any researcher who is listed as an author of an article indexed by PubMed is entitled to participate in the pilot. If you would like to participate and need an invitation, please email, giving the PubMed ID of an article on which you are an author. For more information, see the PubMed Commons FAQ.

The calculation of the Belgian General Practitioner revised

Madelon Kroneman   (2009-04-21 08:04)  NIVEL email

Income development of General Practitioners in eight European countries from 1975 to 2005: The calculation of the Belgian General Practitioner revised.
M. Kroneman, P. Meeus, J. van der Zee and W. Groot

(M.Kroneman, J. van der Zee and W. Groot are the authors of the original paper, P. Meeus is affiliated to RIZIV/INAMI, the Belgium Institute of Illness and Disability Insurances).

In the paper ‘Income development of General Practitioners in eight European countries from 1975 to 2005, published in BMC Health Services Research in January 2009, the income of Belgian GPs appeared to be the lowest of the eight countries (Kroneman, Van der Zee and Groot, 2009). In the conclusion of the paper, the question was raised whether the figure for Belgium was realistic, because the calculation was not based on real production data but on a discussion paper on GP-activities dating from 2002. Recently data on actual production of GPs in Belgium have become available, which enable a more realistic calculation of the income of these GPs in 2005 (Meeus, 2008). The data have been provided by RIZIV (the Belgium Institute of illness and disability insurances). Taking into account the criteria and choices that were used to make the income figures comparable among countries, a new estimation of the income of the full-time Belgium GP was made, see Table 1 (Table 1 can be found at:

Analysis of the differences
In Belgium, there are different categories of general practitioners and each category has a different tariff for consultations. In the NIVEL study, the revenues were calculated based on tariffs for a physician who has finished formal education as a GP and has agreed to the tariff scheme that was negotiated by RIZIV, the sickness funds and the GPs. The RIZIV tariffs are, however, based on a physician who is also accredited. This physician has, in addition, agreed to continuous education and thus may charge a higher tariff. The RIZIV study showed that 92.9% of the GPs were accredited in 2005, which makes it more appropriate to use the higher tariffs for consultations. If we had used the higher tariff of 18.84 euro in the NIVEL study, the revenues would have been 7,270 euro higher.

The most important difference between the NIVEL and RIZIV figures, however, is the number of home visits of patients. Whereas the number of home visits used by NIVEL is based on theoretical assumptions, the number of home visits established by RIZIV is based on declarations by GPs. Since there is a large variation in the productivity of Belgian GPs, RIZIV distinguishes three models of full-time GPs: low, medium and high productive GPs (Profielencommissie “Algemeen Geneeskundigen”, 2008). Since about two third of the GPs fitted the medium model, this model is used to estimate the income of a full-time GP in Belgium. The number of home visits in this model is about twice as high compared to the NIVEL estimate.

Summarizing, the main part of the differences is based on an underestimation of the number of home visits in the NIVEL study.

Kroneman M, Van der Zee J, Groot W. Income development of General Practitioners in eight European countries from 1975 to 2005, BMC Health Services Research, vol. 9, 2009, nr. 26

Meeus P. INAMI, Rapport annuel 2007: IV partie, Registre des médecins généralistes, nombre et profil des médecins généralistes en 2005, p 67-73.

Profielencommissie “Algemeen Geneeskundigen”, Informatiecampagne 2008 van de Profielencommissie “Algemeen Geneeskundigen”: Synthese van de persoonlijk activiteitsverslagen 2005 [Information campaign 2008 of the profile committee “General Practitioners”: Synthesis of the personal activity records 2005], RIZIV, 2008.

Competing interests

There are no competing interests


Post a comment