Open Access Study protocol

The development, design, testing, refinement, simulation and application of an evaluation framework for communities of practice and social-professional networks

Jeffrey Braithwaite123*, Johanna I Westbrook4, Geetha Ranmuthugala12, Frances Cunningham12, Jennifer Plumb123, Janice Wiley123, Dianne Ball5, Sue Huckson6, Cliff Hughes7, Brian Johnston8, Joanne Callen4, Nerida Creswick4, Andrew Georgiou4, Luc Betbeder-Matibet12 and Deborah Debono12

Author Affiliations

1 Centre for Clinical Governance Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

2 Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

3 School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

4 Health Informatics Research and Evaluation Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Cumberland Campus C42, East St, Lidcombe NSW 2141, Australia

5 Australian College of Health Service Executives, National Office, Macquarie Hospital, Wicks Road, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia

6 Effective Practice Program, National Institute of Clinical Studies, National Health & Medical Research Council, Level 5, Fawkner Centre, 499 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia

7 Clinical Excellence Commission, Level 3, 65 Martin Place, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia

8 Australian Council on Healthcare Standards, 5 Macarthur Street, Ultimo NSW 2007, Australia

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BMC Health Services Research 2009, 9:162  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-162

Published: 15 September 2009



Communities of practice and social-professional networks are generally considered to enhance workplace experience and enable organizational success. However, despite the remarkable growth in interest in the role of collaborating structures in a range of industries, there is a paucity of empirical research to support this view. Nor is there a convincing model for their systematic evaluation, despite the significant potential benefits in answering the core question: how well do groups of professionals work together and how could they be organised to work together more effectively? This research project will produce a rigorous evaluation methodology and deliver supporting tools for the benefit of researchers, policymakers, practitioners and consumers within the health system and other sectors. Given the prevalence and importance of communities of practice and social networks, and the extent of investments in them, this project represents a scientific innovation of national and international significance.

Methods and design

Working in four conceptual phases the project will employ a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to develop, design, field-test, refine and finalise an evaluation framework. Once available the framework will be used to evaluate simulated, and then later existing, health care communities of practice and social-professional networks to assess their effectiveness in achieving desired outcomes. Peak stakeholder groups have agreed to involve a wide range of members and participant organisations, and will facilitate access to various policy, managerial and clinical networks.


Given its scope and size, the project represents a valuable opportunity to achieve breakthroughs at two levels; firstly, by introducing novel and innovative aims and methods into the social research process and, secondly, through the resulting evaluation framework and tools. We anticipate valuable outcomes in the improved understanding of organisational performance and delivery of care. The project's wider appeal lies in transferring this understanding to other health jurisdictions and to other industries and sectors, both nationally and internationally. This means not merely publishing the results, but contextually interpreting them, and translating them to advance the knowledge base and enable widespread institutional and organisational application.