Table 2

Patient Characteristics (n = 398).

Characteristic

Mean ± SD or n (%)


Age

54.2 ± 13

Race

White

249 (63)

Black

134 (34)

Other

14 (3)

Sex

Male

196 (49)

Female

202 (51)

Annual Family Income

<$20,000

171 (44)

$20,000-$40,000

95 (24)

$40,000-$60000

58 (15)

≥ $60,000

66 (17)

Recruitment site

VA diabetes center

65 (16)

Academic center primary care

200 (50)

Academic diabetes clinic

133 (33)

Education

<High School

64 (16)

High School or GED

103 (26)

Some college

115 (29)

College or more

110 (28)

Literacy status, REALM

≤ 6th grade

33 (8)

7th-8th grade

92 (23)

≥ 9th grade

273 (69)

Numeracy status, WRAT

≤ 6th grade

211 (53)

7th-8th grade

65 (16)

≥ 9th grade

122 (31)

DKT

0.69 ± 0.18

BMI, m/kg2

33.6 ± 8.1

Type of diabetes

Type 1

57 (14)

Type 2

341 (86)

On insulin, n = 240

240 (60)

Adjusts for blood glucose

141 (57)

Adjusts for carbohydrate intake

90 (36)

Blood glucose monitoring

≤ 1 time per day 2–3 times per day

133 (48) 185 (46)

≥ 4 times per day

80 (20)

Received prior diabetes education

331 (83)

Hemoglobin A1c, (%)

7.6 ± 1.7

Duration of diabetes, years

11 ± 9


GED – General Education Development Test; REALM – Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine;

WRAT – Wide Range Achievement Test; DKT – Diabetes Knowledge Test; BMI – Body Mass Index (kg/m2)

Huizinga et al. BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:96   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-96

Open Data