Table 2

Topics for Education of the Anticoagulated Patient

Category

Educational Topic


Basics of anticoagulation

Description of the coagulation system

Normal blood clotting compared with clotting of an anticoagulated patient

Warfarin – mechanism

Risk-Benefit

Risk of bleeding versus – descriptive versus numerical

Risk of clotting – descriptive versus numerical

Complications of thromboemboli

Adherence

Color and strength of tablets

What to do if dose missed

Accessing healthcare professionals

When to call the doctor

When to seek emergency care

Anticoagulation services

Diet

Basics of Vitamin K

Specific foods

Lab monitoring

Basics of the INR

Therapeutic INR range

Most recent INR Result

Interpretation of INR values

Frequency of INR determination

Medication interactions

Antibiotics

OTC medications

Self-Care

Injury management and contraindicated activities

Signs of bleeding events (overdose)

Signs of thromboembolic events (underdose)

Management of minor bleeding events

Medical alert bracelet

Special situations – illness, travel, pregnancy, surgeries

Endocarditis prophylaxis

Self-testing

Dose adjustment

Home coagulometry

Diary/quality control record keeping


Wofford et al. BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:40   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-40

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