Table 2

Topics for Education of the Anticoagulated Patient


Educational Topic

Basics of anticoagulation

Description of the coagulation system

Normal blood clotting compared with clotting of an anticoagulated patient

Warfarin – mechanism


Risk of bleeding versus – descriptive versus numerical

Risk of clotting – descriptive versus numerical

Complications of thromboemboli


Color and strength of tablets

What to do if dose missed

Accessing healthcare professionals

When to call the doctor

When to seek emergency care

Anticoagulation services


Basics of Vitamin K

Specific foods

Lab monitoring

Basics of the INR

Therapeutic INR range

Most recent INR Result

Interpretation of INR values

Frequency of INR determination

Medication interactions


OTC medications


Injury management and contraindicated activities

Signs of bleeding events (overdose)

Signs of thromboembolic events (underdose)

Management of minor bleeding events

Medical alert bracelet

Special situations – illness, travel, pregnancy, surgeries

Endocarditis prophylaxis


Dose adjustment

Home coagulometry

Diary/quality control record keeping

Wofford et al. BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:40   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-40

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